EMF Health-effect Research  

Index of Abstracts

STUDIES ON GENES AND DNA



    • [Y]
 Red means sub-thermal effects were found (not always at significant levels).
    • [N]  The black indicates no EM effects were found.
    • [NA]
The cyan means ... Not applicable.

    [Y] Enhancement of chemically induced reactive oxygen species production and DNA damage in human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells by 872MHz RFR   VIEW
    Luukkonen J, Hakulinen P, MŐki-Paakkanen J, Juutilainen J, Naarala J
    Mutat Res. 662(1-2):54-58, 2009

    [Y] Effects of Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields (UMTS) on Reproduction and Development of Mice: A Multi-generation Study.   VIEW
    Sommer, A. M., Grote, K., Reinhardt, T., Streckert, J., Hansen, V. and Lerchl, A
    Radiat. Res. 171: 89-95, 2009

    [Y] Spindle disturbances in human-hamster hybrid (AL) cells induced by mobile communication frequency range signals,   VIEW
    Schrader T, Mčnter K, Kleine-Ostmann T, Schmid E,
    Bioelectromagnetics, 29(8):626-639, 2008

    [N] Histopathological examinations of rat brains after long-term exposure to GSM-900 mobile phone radiation,   VIEW
    GrafstrÜm G, Nittby H, Brun A, Malmgren L, Persson BR, Salford LG, Eberhardt J
    Brain Res Bull, Sep 6, 2008

    [Y] Non-thermal effects in the microwave induced unfolding of proteins observed by chaperone binding,   VIEW
    George DF, Bilek MM, McKenzie DR,
    Bioelectromagnetics, 29(4):324-330, 2008

    [Y] Electromagnetic noise inhibits radiofrequency radiation-induced DNA damage and reactive oxygen species increase in human lens epithelial cells.   VIEW
    Yao K, Wu W, Wang K, Ni S, Ye P, Yu Y, Ye J, Sun L
    Mol Vis. 14:964-969, 2008

    [Y] Effects of modulated microwave radiation at cellular telephone frequency (1,95 GHz) on X-ray-induced chromosome aberrations in human lymphocytes in vitro,   VIEW
    Manti L, Braselmann H, Calabrese ML, Massa R, Pugliese M, Scampoli P, Sicignano G, Grossi G,
    Radiat Res, 169(5):575-583, 2008

    [Y] Evaluation of HSP70 Expression and DNA Damage in Cells of a Human Trophoblast Cell Line Exposed to 1.8 GHz AM RF   VIEW
    Valbonesi P, Franzellitti S, Piano A, Contin A, Biondi C, Fabbri E
    Radiat Res. 169(3):270-279, 2008

    [Y] Radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (UMTS, 1,950 MHz) induce genotoxic effects in vitro in human fibroblasts but not in lymphocytes.   VIEW
    Schwarz C, Kratochvil E, Pilger A, Kuster N, Adlkofer F, Rčdiger HW
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 81(6):755-767, 2008

    [Y] Increased frequency of micronucleated exfoliated cells among humans exposed in vivo to mobile telephone radiations.   VIEW
    Yadav AS, Sharma MK
    Mutat Res. 650(2):175-180, 2008

    [Y] Blocking 1800 MHz mobile phone radiation-induced reactive oxygen species production and DNA damage in lens epithelial cells by noise magnetic fields   VIEW
    Wu W, Yao K, Wang KJ, Lu DQ, He JL, Xu LH, Sun WJ.╩
    Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban. 37(1):34-38, 2008

    [N] .Mobile phone electromagnetic radiation activates MAPK signaling and regulates viability in Drosophila.   VIEW
    Lee KS, Choi JS, Hong SY, Son TH, Yu K
    Bioelectromagnetics. Feb 19 2008

    [Y] Study on potential effects of "902-MHz GSM on DMBA-induced mammary tumours in Sprague-Dawley rats   VIEW
    Hruby R, Neubauer G, Kuster N, Frauscher M
    Mutat Res. 649(1-2):34-44, 2008

    [Y] Increased levels of numerical chromosome aberrations after in vitro exposure of human peripheral blood lymphocytes toRF EMF for 72 hours.   VIEW
    Mazor R, Korenstein-Ilan A, Barbul A, Eshet Y, Shahadi A, Jerby E, Korenstein R
    Radiat Res. 169(1):28-37, 2008

    [Y] Exposure to 900 MHz Radiofrequency Radiation Induces Caspase 3 Activation in Proliferating Human Lymphocytes,   VIEW
    Palumbo R, Brescia F, Capasso D, Sannino A, Sarti M, Capri M, Grassilli E, Scarfô MR
    Radiat Res, 170(3):327-334, 2008

    [Y] Combinative exposure effect of radio frequency signals from CDMA mobile phones and aphidicolin on DNA integrity.   VIEW
    Tiwari R, Lakshmi NK, Surender V, Rajesh AD, Bhargava SC, Ahuja YR
    Electromagn Biol Med. 27(4):418-425, 2008

    [Y] Microwaves from UMTS/GSM mobile phones induce long-lasting inhibition of 53BP1/gamma-H2AX DNA repair foci in human lymphocytes.   VIEW
    Belyaev IY, Markovł E, Hillert L, Malmgren LO, Persson BR
    Bioelectromagnetics. Oct 6 2008

    [N] Molecular responses of Jurkat T-cells to 1763 MHz radiofrequency radiation.   VIEW
    Huang TQ, Lee MS, Oh E, Zhang BT, Seo JS, Park WY
    Int J Radiat Biol. 84(9):734-741, 2008

    [Y] Blocking 1800 MHz mobile phone radiation-induced reactive oxygen species production and DNA damage in lens epithelial cells by noise magnetic fields   VIEW
    Wu W, Yao K, Wang KJ, Lu DQ, He JL, Xu LH, Sun WJ.╩
    Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban. 37(1):34-38, 2008

    [N] Micronucleus frequency in erythrocytes of mice after long-term exposure to radiofrequency radiation.   VIEW
    Juutilainen J, Heikkinen P, Soikkeli H, MŐki-Paakkanen J.
    Int J Radiat Biol. 83(4):213-220, 2007

    [N] In Vitro Study of the Stress Response of Human Skin Cells to GSM-1800 Mobile Phone Signals Compared to UVB Radiation and Heat Shock.   VIEW
    Sanchez S, Haro E, Ruffie G, Veyret B, Lagroye I
    Radiat. Res. 167, 572-580, 2007

    [Y] Microwave irradiation induces neurite outgrowth in PC12m3 cells via the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway.   VIEW
    Inoue S, Motoda H, Koike Y, Kawamura K, Hiragami F, Kano Y
    Neurosci Lett. Dec 8 2007

    [N] Evaluation of genotoxic effects in human leukocytes after in vitro exposure to 1950 MHz UMTS radiofrequency field.   VIEW
    Zeni O, Schiavoni A, Perrotta A, Forigo D, Deplano M, Scarfi MR
    Bioelectromagnetics. Nov 20; 2007

    [N] Carcinogenicity Study of 217 Hz Pulsed 900 MHz Electromagnetic Fields in Pim1 Transgenic Mice.   VIEW
    Oberto G, Rolfo K, Yu P, Carbonatto M, Peano S, Kuster N, Ebert S, Tofani S.
    Radiat Res. 168(3):316-326, 2007

    [Y] Comparison of bioactivity between GSM 900 MHz and DCS 1800 MHz mobile telephony radiation.   VIEW
    Panagopoulos DJ, Chavdoula ED, Karabarbounis A, Margaritis LH.
    Electromagn Biol Med. 26(1):33-44, 2007

    [N] Mobile phone base station radiation does not affect neoplastic transformation in BALB/3T3 cells.   VIEW
    Hirose H, Suhara T, Kaji N, Sakuma N, Sekijima M, Nojima T, Miyakoshi J
    Bioelectromagnetics. Aug 10; 2007

    [Y] Effects of 900 MHz GSM Wireless Communication Signals on DMBA-Induced Mammary Tumors in Rats.   VIEW
    Yu D, Shen Y, Kuster N, Fu Y, Chiang H.
    Radiat Res. 165(2):174-180, 2006

    [Y] Erythropoietic dynamic equilibrium in rats maintained after microwave irradiation   VIEW
    Trosic I, Busljeta I.
    Exp Toxicol Pathol. 57(3):247-251, 2006

    [N] Investigation of Co-genotoxic Effects of Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields In Vivo.   VIEW
    Verschaeve L, Heikkinen P, Verheyen G, Van Gorp U, Boonen F, Vander Plaetse F, Maes A, Kumlin T, Maki-Paakkanen J, Puranen L, Juutilainen J.
    Radiat. Res. 165, 598-607 2006

    [Y] Immunotropic Influence of 900 MHz Microwave GSM Signal on Human Blood Immune Cells Activated in Vitro.   VIEW
    Stankiewicz W, Da■browski MP, Kubacki R, Sobiczewska E, Szmigielski S
    Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine 25(1) 45-51, 2006

    [Y] Gene Expression Analysis of a Human Lymphoblastoma Cell Line Exposed In Vitro to an Intermittent 1.9 GHz Pulse-Modulated Radiofrequency Field.   VIEW
    Chauhan V, Mariampillai A, Bellier PV, Qutob SS, Gajda GB, Lemay E, Thansandote A, McNamee JP
    Radiat Res. 165(4):424-429, 2006

    [Y] Single strand DNA breaks in rat brain cells exposed to microwave radiation.   VIEW
    Paulraj R, Behari J.
    Mutat Res. Jan 31; 2006

    [Y] Exposure of rat brain to 915 MHz GSM microwaves   VIEW
    Belyaev IY, Koch CB, Terenius O, Roxstrom-Lindquist K, Malmgren LO, H Sommer W, Salford LG, Persson BR
    Bioelectromagnetics. Mar 1; 2006

    [N] Cytogenetic investigation of subjects professionally exposed to radiofrequency radiation.   VIEW
    Maes A, Van Gorp U, Verschaeve L.
    Mutagenesis. Feb 15; 2006

    [N] Microarray gene expression profiling of a human glioblastoma cell line exposed in vitro to a 1.9 GHz pulse-modulated radiofrequency field.   VIEW
    Qutob SS, Chauhan V, Bellier PV, Yauk CL, Douglas GR, Berndt L, Williams A, Gajda GB, Lemay E, Thansandote A, McNamee JP
    Radiat Res. 165(6):636-644, 2006

    [Y] Gene expression does not change significantly in C3H 10T(1/2) cells after exposure to 847.74 CDMA or 835.62 FDMA radiofrequency radiation   VIEW
    Whitehead TD, Moros EG, Brownstein BH, Roti Roti JL
    Radiat Res. 165(6):626-635, 2006

    [Y] Nuclear translocation and DNA-binding activity of NFKB (NF-kappaB) after exposure of human monocytes to pulsed ultra-wideband EMF   VIEW
    Natarajan M, Nayak BK, Galindo C, Mathur SP, Roldan FN, Meltz ML
    Radiat Res. 165(6):645-654, 2006

    [N] 935 MHz cellular phone radiation. An in vitro study of genotoxicity in human lymphocytes   VIEW
    Stronati L, Testa A, Moquet J, Edwards A, Cordelli E, Villani P, Marino C, Fresegna AM, Appolloni M, Lloyd D
    Int J Radiat Biol. 82(5):339-346, 2006

    [Y] Analysis of proto-oncogene and heat-shock protein gene expression in human derived cell-lines exposed in vitro to an intermittent 1.9 GHz pulse-modulated radiofrequency field.   VIEW
    Chauhan V, Mariampillai A, Gajda GB, Thansandote A, McNamee JP
    Int J Radiat Biol. 82(5):347-354, 2006

    [N] 935 MHz cellular phone radiation. An in vitro study of genotoxicity in human lymphocytes.   VIEW
    Stronati L, Testa A, Moquet J, Edwards A, Cordelli E, Villani P, Marino C, Fresegna AM, Appolloni M, Lloyd D
    Int J Radiat Biol. 82(5):339-346, 2006

    [N] Microwave exposure of neuronal cells in vitro: Study of apoptosis.   VIEW
    Joubert V, Leveque P, Rametti A, Collin A, Bourthoumieu S, Yardin C.
    Int J Radiat Biol. 82(4):267-275, 2006

    [Y] Comparative study of cell cycle kinetics and induction of apoptosis or necrosis after exposure of human mono mac 6 cells to RFR.   VIEW
    Lantow M, Viergutz T, Weiss DG, Simko M
    Radiat Res. 166(3):539-543, 2006

    [N] Effects of Global System for Mobile Communications 1800 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic fields on gene and protein expression in MCF-7 cells.   VIEW
    Zeng Q, Chen G, Weng Y, Wang L, Chiang H, Lu D, Xu Z.
    Proteomics. Aug 3 2006

    [N] Effects of mobile-phone microwave on dimethylbenz (a) anthracene induced mammary carcinoma development in rats.   VIEW
    Shen YH, Yu D, Fu YT, Chiang H
    Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi. 40(3):164-167, 2006

    [Y] DNA damage and repair induced by acute exposure of microwave from mobile phone on cultured human lens epithelial cells   VIEW
    Sun LX, Yao K, Jiang H, He JL, Lu DQ, Wang KJ, Li HW
    Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi. 42(12):1084-1088, 2006

    [N] Expression of the immediate early gene, c-fos, in fetal brain after whole of gestation exposure of pregnant mice to global system for mobile communication microwaves,   VIEW
    Finnie JW, Cai Z, Blumbergs PC, Manavis J, Kuchel TR
    Pathology, 38(4):333-335, 2006

    [N] The number of genes changing expression after chronic exposure to CDMA or FDMA radiofrequency radiation does not exceed the false-positive rate,   VIEW
    Whitehead TD, Moros EG, Brownstein BH, Roti Roti JL
    Proteomics, 6(17):4739-4744, 2006

    [Y] Comparative study of cell cycle kinetics and induction of apoptosis or necrosis after exposure of human mono mac 6 cells to RF radiation,   VIEW
    Lantow M, Viergutz T, Weiss DG, Simko M
    Radiat Res, 166(3):539-543, 2006

    [Y] UHF EMF irradiation during pregnancy leads to an increase in erythrocytes micronuclei incidence in rat offspring,   VIEW
    Ferreira AR, Knakievicz T, de Bittencourt Pasquali MA, Gelain DP, Dal-Pizzol F, Fernandez CE, de Almeida de Salles AA, Ferreira HB, Moreira JC
    Life Sci, Aug 23; 2006

    [Y] Effect of acute exposure to microwave from mobile phone on DNA damage and repair of cultured human lens epithelial cells in vitro   VIEW
    Sun LX, Yao K, He JL, Lu DQ, Wang KJ, Li HW
    Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi, 24(8):465-467, 2006

    [N] No apoptosis is induced in rat cortical neurons exposed to GSM phone fields,   VIEW
    Joubert V, Leveque P, Cueille M, Bourthoumieu S, Yardin C
    Bioelectromagnetics, Sep 26; 2006

    [Y] Effects of 1,8GHz radiofrequency field on DNA damage and expression of heat shock protein 70 in human lens epithelial cells,   VIEW
    Lixia S, Yao K, Kaijun W, Deqiang L, Huajun H, Xiangwei G, Baohong W, Wei Z, Jianling L, Wei W
    Mutat Res, Sep 29; 2006

    [Y] Carcinogenicity study of GSM and DCS wireless communication signals in B6C3F1 mice,   VIEW
    Tillmann T, Ernst H, Ebert S, Kuster N, Behnke W, Rittinghausen S, Dasenbrock C
    Bioelectromagnetics, Oct 3; 2006

    [Y] Human skin cell stress response to GSM-900 mobile phone signals,   VIEW
    Sanchez S, Milochau A, Ruffie G, Poulletier de Gannes F, Lagroye I, Haro E, Surleve-Bazeille JE, Billaudel B, Lassegues M, Veyret B
    FEBS J, Nov 9; 2006

    [Y] Cell death induced by GSM 900-MHz and DCS 1800-MHz mobile telephony radiation,   VIEW
    Panagopoulos DJ, Chavdoula ED, Nezis IP, Margaritis LH
    Mutat Res, Oct 10; 2006

    [Y] Exposure to cell phone radiation up-regulates apoptosis genes in primary cultures of neurons and astrocytes,   VIEW
    Zhao TY, Zou SP, Knapp PE
    Neurosci Lett, Dec 20; 2006

    [Y] DNA damage and repair induced by acute exposure of microwave from mobile phone on cultured human lens epithelial cells   VIEW
    Sun LX, Yao K, Jiang H, He JL, Lu DQ, Wang KJ, Li HW
    Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi, 42(12):1084-1088, 2006

    [N] Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields Emitted from Base Stations of DECT Cordless Phones and the Risk of Glioma and Meningioma.   VIEW
    Schuz J, Bohler E, Schlehofer B, Berg G, Schlaefer K, Hettinger I, Kunna-Grass K, Wahrendorf J, Blettner M,
    Radiat Res, 166(1):116-119, 2006

    [N] Mobile Phone Use and Risk of Parotid Gland Tumor,   VIEW
    Lonn S, Ahlbom A, Christensen HC, Johansen C, Schuz J, Edstrom S, Henriksson G, Lundgren J, Wennerberg J, Feychting M,
    Am J Epidemiol, Jul 3; 2006

    [N] Exposure to radiofrequency radiation (900 MHz, GSM signal) does not affect micronucleus frequency and cell proliferation in human peripheral blood lymphocytes:   VIEW
    Scarfi MR, Fresegna AM, Villani P, Pinto R, Marino C, Sarti M, Altavista P, Sannino A, Lovisolo GA,
    Radiat Res, 165(6):655-663, 2006

    [N] Phosphorylation and gene expression of p53 are not affected in human cells exposed to 2,1425 GHz band CW or W-CDMA   VIEW
    Hirose H, Sakuma N, Kaji N, Suhara T, Sekijima M, Nojima T, Miyakoshi J,
    Bioelectromagnetics, May 19; 2006

    [Y] Global gene response to GSM 1800 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic field in MCF-7 cells,   VIEW
    Wang LL, Chen GD, Lu DQ, Chiang H, Xu ZP,
    Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi, 40(3):159-163, 2006

    [Y] Effects of GSM 1800 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic fields on DNA damage in Chinese hamster lung cells,   VIEW
    Zhang DY, Xu ZP, Chiang H, Lu DQ, Zeng QL,
    Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi, 40(3):149-152, 2006

    [Y] Effects of GSM 1800 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic fields on protein expression profile of human breast cancer cell MCF-7   VIEW
    Zeng QL, Weng Y, Chen GD, Lu DQ, Chiang H, Xu ZP
    Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi, 40(3):153-158, 2006

    [Y] Effects of Global System for Mobile Communications 1800 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic fields on gene and protein expression in MCF-7 cells,   VIEW
    Zeng Q, Chen G, Weng Y, Wang L, Chiang H, Lu D, Xu Z,
    Proteomics, Aug 3; 2006

    [Y] Mobile phone radiation causes changes in gene and protein expression in human endothelial cell lines and the response seems to be genome- and proteome-dependent,   VIEW
    Nylund R, Leszczynski D
    Proteomics, Jul 28; 2006

    [Y] Gene expression changes in human cells after exposure to mobile phone microwaves,   VIEW
    Remondini D, Nylund R, Reivinen J, Poulletier de Gannes F, Veyret B, Lagroye I, Haro E, Trillo MA, Capri M, Franceschi C, Schlatterer K, Gminski R, Fitzner R, Tauber R, Schuderer J, Kuster N, Leszczynski D, Bersani F, Maercker C
    Proteomics, Jul 28; 2006

    [Y] Microwaves from GSM Mobile Telephones Affect 53BP1 and gamma-H2AX Foci in Human Lymphocytes from Hypersensitive and Healthy Persons   VIEW
    Markova E, Hillert L, Malmgren L, Persson BR, Belyaev IY
    Environ Health Perspect. 113(9):1172-1177, 2005

    [Y] 2.45GHz radiofrequency fields alter gene expression in cultured human cells.   VIEW
    Lee S, Johnson D, Dunbar K, Dong H, Ge X, Kim YC, Wing C, Jayathilaka N, Emmanuel N, Zhou CQ, Gerber HL, Tseng CC, Wang SM
    FEBS Lett. 579(21):4829-4836, 2005

    [N] DNA strand breaks not induced in human cells exposed to 2.1425 GHz band CW and W-CDMA base stations.   VIEW
    Sakuma N, Komatsubara Y, Takeda H, Hirose H, Sekijima M, Nojima T, Miyakoshi J.
    Bioelectromagnetics. Nov 10; 2005

    [N] Effect of high-frequency electromagnetic fields with a wide range of SARs on chromosomal aberrations in murine m5S cells   VIEW
    Komatsubara Y, Hirose H, Sakurai T, Koyama S, Suzuki Y, Taki M, Miyakoshi J.
    Mutat Res. 587(1-2):114-119, 2005

    [Y] Effects of 2450 MHz EMF with a wide range of SARs on methylcholanthrene-induced transformation in C3H10T1/2 cells   VIEW
    Wang J, Sakurai T, Koyama S, Komatubara Y, Suzuki Y, Taki M, Miyakoshi J.
    J Radiat Res (Tokyo). 46(3):351-361, 2005

    [N] Effects of 1-Week and 6-Week Exposure to GSM/DCS Radiofrequency Radiation on Micronucleus Formation in B6C3F1 Mice.   VIEW
    Gorlitz BD, Muller M, Ebert S, Hecker H, Kuster N, Dasenbrock C.
    Radiat Res. 164(4):431-439, 2005

    [N] Expression of the Proto-oncogene Fos after Exposure to Radiofrequency Radiation Relevant to Wireless Communications.   VIEW
    Whitehead TD, Brownstein BH, Parry JJ, Thompson D, Cha BA, Moros EG, Rogers BE, Roti Roti JL.
    Radiat Res. 164(4):420-430, 2005

    [Y] Electromagnetic fields at mobile phone frequency induce apoptosis and inactivation of the multi-chaperone complex in human epidermoid cancer cells.   VIEW
    Caraglia M, Marra M, Mancinelli F, D'Ambrosio G, Massa R, Giordano A, Budillon A, Abbruzzese A, Bismuto E.
    J Cell Physiol. 204(2):539-548, 2005

    [N] Expression of the immediate early gene, c-fos, in mouse brain after acute global system for mobile communication microwave exposure.   VIEW
    Finnie JW.
    Pathology. 37(3):231-233, 2005

    [Y] Studying the synergistic damage effects induced by 1.8GHz RFR with four chemical mutagens on human lymphocyte DNA   VIEW
    Baohong W, Jiliang H, Lifen J, Deqiang L, Wei Z, Jianlin L, Hongping D.
    Mutat Res. May 31; 2005

    [Y] Interaction of Microwaves and a Temporally Incoherent Magnetic Field on Single and Double DNA Strand Breaks in Rat Brain Cells   VIEW
    Lai H, Singh NP
    Electromag Biol Med 24:23-29, 2005

    [Y] Non-thermal DNA breakage by mobile-phone radiation (1800MHz) in human fibroblasts   VIEW
    Diem E, Schwarz C, Adlkofer F, Jahn O, Rudiger H.
    Mutat Res. Apr 30 2005

    [Y] Impact of radio frequency electromagnetic radiation on DNA integrity in the male germline   VIEW
    Aitken RJ, Bennetts LE, Sawyer D, Wiklendt AM, King BV.
    International Journal of Andrology OnlineEarly doi:10.1111/j.1365-2605.2005.00531.x -- 2005

    [Y] Individual responsiveness to induction of micronuclei in human lymphocytes after exposure in vitro to 1800-MHz microwave radiation.   VIEW
    Zotti-Martelli L, Peccatori M, Maggini V, Ballardin M, Barale R.
    Mutat Res. 582(1-2):42-52, 2005

    [N] 915 MHz microwaves and 50 Hz magnetic fields on human lymphocytes from hypersensitive and healthy persons.   VIEW
    Belyaev IY, Hillert L, Protopopova M, Tamm C, Malmgren LO, Persson BR, Selivanova G, Harms-Ringdahl M.
    Bioelectromagnetics. 26(3):173-184, 2005

    [Y] Electromagnetic fields at mobile phone frequency induce apoptosis and inactivation of the multi-chaperone complex in human epidermoid cancer cells.   VIEW
    Caraglia M, Marra M, Mancinelli F, D'ambrosio G, Massa R, Giordano A, Budillon A, Abbruzzese A, Bismuto E.
    J Cell Physiol. Mar 7 2005

    [Y] Effects of co-exposure to ELF magnetic fields and benzene or benzene metabolites determined in vitro by the alkaline comet assay   VIEW
    Morettia M, Villarinia, Simonuccib S, Fatigonia C, Scassellati-Sforzolinia G, Monarcaa S, Pasquinia R, Angeluccic M, Strappinic M
    Elsevier Ireland Ltd 21 January 2005

    [Y] Acute effects of pulsed microwaves and 3-nitropropionic acid on neuronal ultrastructure in the rat caudate-putamen.   VIEW
    Seaman RL, Phelix CF.
    Bioelectromagnetics. 26(2):82-101, 2005

    [Y] Genetic damage in mobile phone users: some preliminary findings.   VIEW
    Gandhi G
    Ind J Hum Genet 11(2): 99-104, 2005

    [Y] Cytogenetic damage in mobile phone users: preliminary data.   VIEW
    Gandhi G, Singh P.
    Int J Hum Genet 5(4):259-265, 2005

    [N] Evaluation of genotoxic effects in human peripheral blood leukocytes following an acute in vitro exposure to 900 MHz radiofrequency fields.   VIEW
    Zeni O, Romano M, Perrotta A, Lioi MB, Barbieri R, d'Ambrosio G, Massa R, Scarfi MR.
    Bioelectromagnetics. 26(4):258-265, 2005

    [Y] Erythropoietic changes in rats after 2.45 GJz nonthermal irradiation   VIEW
    Busljeta I, Trosic I, Milkovic-Kraus S.
    Int J Hyg Environ Health. 207(6):549-554, 2004

    [Y] Low power microwave radiation inhibits the proliferation of rabbit lens epithelial cells by upregulating P27Kip1 expression.   VIEW
    Yao K, Wang KJ, Sun ZH, Tan J, Xu W, Zhu LJ, Lu de Q.
    Mol Vis. 10:138-143, 2004

    [Y] Effects of 2.45-GHz electromagnetic fields with a wide range of SARs on micronucleus formation in CHO-K1 cells.   VIEW
    Koyama S, Isozumi Y, Suzuki Y, Taki M, Miyakoshi J.
    ScientificWorldJournal 4 Suppl 2:29-40, 2004

    [N] No effects of GSM-modulated 900 MHz electromagnetic fields on survival rate and spontaneous development of lymphoma in female AKR/J mice   VIEW
    Sommer AM, Streckert J, Bitz AK, Hansen VW, Lerchl A
    BMC Cancer.;4(1):77 Nov 11 2004

    [Y] Blood-forming system in rats after whole-body microwave exposure; reference to the lymphocytes   VIEW
    Trosic I, Busljeta I, Pavicic I.
    Toxicol Lett.154(1-2):125-132, 2004

    [Y] F absorption involving biological macromolecules.   VIEW
    Prohofsky EW.
    Bioelectromagnetics. 25(6):441-451, 2004

    [Y] Investigation of the genotoxic effect of microwave irradiation in rat bone marrow cells: in vivo exposure.   VIEW
    Trosic I, Busljeta I, Modlic B
    Mutagenesis. 19(5):361-364, 2004

    [Y] Bone morphogenetic protein expression in newborn rat kidneys after prenatal exposure to radiofrequency radiation.   VIEW
    Pyrpasopoulou A, Kotoula V, Cheva A, Hytiroglou P, Nikolakaki E, Magras IN, Xenos TD, Tsiboukis TD, Karkavelas G
    Bioelectromagnetics 25(3):216-227, 2004

    [N] DNA damage in frog erythrocytes after in vitro exposure to a high peak-power pulsed electromagnetic field.   VIEW
    Chemeris NK, Gapeyev AB, Sirota NP, Gudkova OY, Kornienko NV, Tankanag AV, Konovalov IV, Buzoverya ME, Suvorov VG, Logunov VA
    Mutat Res. 558(1-2):27-34, 2004

    [N] Measurement of DNA damage after acute exposure to pulsed-wave 2450 MHz microwaves in rat brain cells by two alkaline comet assay methods.   VIEW
    Lagroye I, Anane R, Wettring BA, Moros EG, Straube WL, Laregina M, Niehoff M, Pickard WF, Baty J, Roti JL
    Int J Radiat Biol. 80(1):11-20, 2004

    [N] Measurement of DNA damage and apoptosis in molt-4 cells after in vitro exposure to radiofrequency radiation.   VIEW
    Hook GJ, Zhang P, Lagroye I, Li L, Higashikubo R, Moros EG, Straube WL, Pickard WF, Baty JD, Roti Roti JL.
    Radiat Res. 161(2): 193-200, 2004

    [N] Measurements of Alkali-Labile DNA Damage and Protein-DNA Crosslinks after 2450 MHz Microwave and Low-Dose Gamma Irradiation In Vitro.   VIEW
    Lagroye I, Hook GJ, Wettring BA, Baty JD, Moros EG, Straube WL, Roti Roti JL
    Radiat Res. 161(2): 201-214, 2004

    [Y] A Preliminary Study to Assess Possible Chromosomal Damage Among Users of Digital Mobile Phones.   VIEW
    Gadhia PK, Shah T, Mistry A, Pithawala M, Tamakuwala D
    Electromag Biol Med 22:149-159, 2003

    [N] Lack of Genotoxic Effects (Micronucleus Induction) in Human Lymphocytes Exposed In Vitro to 900 MHz Electromagnetic Fields.   VIEW
    Zeni O, Schiavoni AS, Sannino A, Antolini A, Forigo D, Bersani F, Scarfi MR
    Radiat. Res. 160, 152-158, 2003

    [Y] Exposure of human peripheral blood lymphocytes to electromagnetic fields associated with cellular phones leads to chromosomal instability.   VIEW
    Mashevich M, Folkman D, Kesar A, Barbul A, Korenstein R, Jerby E, Avivi L
    Bioelectromagnetics 24:82-90, 2003

    [Y] Effects of 2,450 MHz microwave on DNA damage induced by three chemical mutagens in vitro   VIEW
    Zhang MB, Jin LF, He JL, Hu J, Zheng W.
    Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 21(4):266-269, 2003

    [Y] Effects of low-intensity extremely high frequency electromagnetic radiation on chromatin structure of lymphoid cells in vivo and in vitro   VIEW
    Gapeev AB, Lushnikov KV, Shumilina IuV, Sirota NP, Sadovnikov VB, Chemeris NK.
    Radiats Biol Radioecol. 43(1):87-92, 2003

    [Y] A Preliminary Study to Assess Possible Chromosomal Damage Among Users of Digital Mobile Phones   VIEW
    Gadhia PK, Shah T, Mistry A, Pithawala M, Tamakuwala D.
    Electromag. Biol. Med. 22:149-159, 2003

    [N] Effect of millimeter wave radiation on catalase activity   VIEW
    Logani MK, Agelan A, Ziskin MC
    Electromag. Biol. Med. 21:303-308, 2002

    [N] Application of intracellular microelectrophoresis to analysis of the influence of the low-level microwave radiation on electrokinetic properties of nuclei in human epithelial cells.   VIEW
    Shckorbatov YG, Shakhbazov VG, Navrotskaya VV, Grabina VA, Sirenko SP, Fisun AI, Gorobets NN, Kiyko VI
    Electrophoresis 23(13):2074-2079, 2002

    [N] DNA Damage in Human Leukocytes after Acute In Vitro Exposure to a 1.9 GHz Pulse-Modulated Radiofrequency Field   VIEW
    McNamee JP, Bellier PV, Gajda GB, Lavallee BF, Lemay EP, Marro L, Thansandote A.
    Radiat Res 158(4):534-537, 2002

    [Y] Micronucleus induction after whole-body microwave irradiation of rats   VIEW
    Trosic I, Busljeta I, Kasuba V, Rozgaj R
    Mutat Res 521(1-2):73-79, 2002

    [Y] Cell-to-cell communication in response of E. coli cells at different phases of growth to low-intensity microwaves.   VIEW
    Shcheglov VS, Alipov ED, Belyaev IY
    Biochim Biophys Acta 1572(1):101-106, 2002

    [Y] The microarray study on the stress gene transcription profile in human retina pigment epithelial cells exposed to microwave radiation.   VIEW
    iu X, Shen H, Shi Y, Chen J, Chen Y, Ji A
    Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 36(5):291-294, 2002

    [N] DNA Damage and Micronucleus Induction in Human Leukocytes after Acute In Vitro Exposure to a 1.9 GHz CW RF.   VIEW
    McNamee JP, Bellier PV, Gajda GB, Miller SM, Lemay EP, Lavallee BF, Marro L, Thansandote A
    Radiat Res 158(4):523-533, 2002

    [Y] Exposure to GSM alters gene expression, proliferation, and morphology of human skin fibroblasts.   VIEW
    Pacini S, Ruggiero M, Sardi I, Aterini S, Gulisano F, Gulisano M.
    Oncol Res 13(1):19-24, 2002

    [N] The Effect of 835.62 MHz FDMA or 847.74 MHz CDMA Modulated RFR on the Induction of Micronuclei in C3H 10T* Cells   VIEW
    Bisht KS, Moros EG, Straube WL, Baty JD, Roti Roti JL,
    Radiat. Res. 157, 506đ515, 2002

    [N] Lack of Mutation Induction with Exposure to 1.5 GHz Electromagnetic Near Fields Used for Cellular Phones in Brains of Big Blue Mice.   VIEW
    Takahashi S, Inaguma S, Cho Y-M, Imaida K, Wang J, Fujiwara O, Shirai T,
    Cancer Res 62:1956-1960, 2002

    [Y] NF- B DNA-binding activity after high peak power pulsed microwave (8.2 GHz) exposure of normal human monocytes.   VIEW
    Natarajan M, Vijayalaxmi , Szilagyi M, Roldan FN, Meltz ML.
    Bioelectromagnetics 23:271-277, 2002

    [Y] Effect of exposure to 900 MHz radiofrequency radiation on intrachromosomal recombination in pKZ1 mice.   VIEW
    Sykes PJ, McCallum BD, Bangay MJ, Hooker AM, Morley AA
    Enzyme Microbial Tech 30:73-79, 2002

    [Y] Genotoxicity of radiofrequency signals. I. Investigation of DNA damage and micronuclei induction in cultured human blood cells.   VIEW
    Tice RR , Hook GG , Donner M , McRee DI, Guy AW
    Bioelectromagnetics 23:113-126, 2002

    [Y] Cytogenetic damage in human lymphocytes following GMSK phase modulated microwave exposure.   VIEW
    d'Ambrosio G, Massa R, Scarfi MR, Zeni O
    Bioelectromagnetics 23:7-13, 2002

    [N] Effects of Mobile Phone Radiation on X-Ray-Induced Tumorigenesis in Mice.   VIEW
    Heikkinen P, Kosma VM, Hongisto T, Huuskonen H, Hyysalo P, Komulainen H, Kumlin T, Lahtinen T, Lang S, Puranen L, Juutilainen J.
    Radiat Res 156(6):775-785, 2001

    [N] Lack of effect of 94 GHz radio frequency radiation exposure in an animal model of skin carcinogenesis   VIEW
    Mason PA, Walters TJ, DiGiovanni J, Beason CW, Jauchem JR, Dick EJ Jr, Mahajan K, Dusch SJ, Shields BA, Merritt JH, Murphy MR, Ryan KL
    Carcinogenesis 22(10):1701-1708, 2001

    [N] Chromosome damage and micronucleus formation in human blood lymphocytes exposed in vitro to radiofrequency radiation at a cellular telephone frequency (847.74 MHz, CDMA).   VIEW
    Vijayalaxmi, Bisht KS, Pickard WF, Meltz ML, Roti Roti JL, Moros EG
    Radiat Res 156(4):430-432, 2001

    [N] Measurement of DNA damage in mammalian cells exposed in vitro to radiofrequency fields at sars of 3-5 w/kg.   VIEW
    Li L, Bisht KS, LaGroye I, Zhang P, Straube WL, Moros EG, Roti Roti JL.
    Radiat Res 156:328-332, 2001

    [NA] Environmental risk factors for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: a population-based case-control study in Languedoc-Roussillon, France.   VIEW
    Fabbro-Peray P, Daures JP, Rossi JF.
    Cancer Causes Control 12(3):201-212, 2001

    [Y] Multinucleated giant cell appearance after whole body microwave irradiation of rats.   VIEW
    Trosic I
    Int J Hyg Environ Health. 204(2-3):133-138, 2001

    [N] Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields do not Alter the Cell Cycle Progression of C3H 10T and U87MG Cells   VIEW
    Higashikubo R, Ragouzis M, Moros EG, Straube WL, Roti Roti JL.
    Radiat Res 156(6):786-795, 2001

    [N] Micronuclei in the peripheral blood and bone marrow cells of rats exposed to 2450 MHz radiofrequency radiation   VIEW
    Vijayalaxmi, Pickard WF, Bisht KS, Prihoda TJ, Meltz ML, LaRegina MC, Roti Roti JL, Straube WL, Moros EG
    Int J Radiat Biol 77(11):1109-1115, 2001

    [Y] Effect of Exposure to 900 MHz Radiofrequency Radiation on Intrachromosomal Recombination in pKZ1 Mice.   VIEW
    Sykes PJ, McCallum BD, Bangay MJ, Hooker AM, Morley AA
    Radiat Res 156(5):495-502, 2001

    [Y] Comparison of chromosome aberrations in peripheral blood lymphocytes from people occupationally exposed to ionizing and radiofrequency radiation.   VIEW
    Lalic H, Lekic A, Radosevic-Stasic B
    Acta Med Okayama 55(2):117-127, 2001

    [Y] Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas and occupation in Sweden   VIEW
    Cano MI, Pollan M
    Int Arch occup Environ Health 74: 443-449 2001

    [N] Cytogenetic Studies in Human Blood Lymphocytes   VIEW
    Vijayalaxmi , Leal BZ, Meltz ML, Pickard WF, Bisht KS, Roti Roti JL , Straube WL, Moros EG,
    Radiat Res 155(1):113-121, 2001

    [Y] Historical evidence that residential electrification caused the emergence of the childhood leukemia peak   VIEW
    Milham S, Ossiander EM
    Medical Hypotheses, Harcourt Publishers Ltd, April 2001

    [Y] On the mechanism of cytogenetic effect of electromagnetic radiation: a role of oxidation homeostasis   VIEW
    Brezitskaia HV, Timchenko OI,
    Radiats Biol Radioecol 40(2):149-153, 2000

    [N] No mutagenic or recombinogenic effects of mobile phone fields at 900 MHz detected in the yeast saccharomyces cerevisiae.   VIEW
    Gos P, Eicher B, Kohli J, Heyer WD,
    Bioelectromagnetics 21(7):515-523, 2000

    [Y] The effect of 50 Hz magnetic field on GCSmRNA expression in lymphoma B cell by mRNA differential display.   VIEW
    Wu RY, Chiang H, Hu GL, Zeng QL, Bao JL
    J Cell Biochem Dec 1;79(3):460-470 2000

    [NA] Monitoring of human exposure to radiation with the binucleated lymphocyte micronucleus assay.   VIEW
    He JL, Jin HY, Jin LF, Gao SY,
    Biomed Environ Sci 13(1):32-36, 2000

    [Y] The effect of electromagnetic field exposure on the formation of DNA lesions.   VIEW
    Lourencini da Silva R , Albano F, Lopes dos Santos LR , Tavares AD, Felzenszwalb I,
    Redox Rep 5(5):299-301, 2000

    [N] Cytogenetic investigations on microwaves emitted by a 455.7 MHz car phone   VIEW
    Maes A, Collier M, Verschaeve L
    Folia Biol (Praha) 46(5):175-180, 2000

    [Y] Cytogenetic effects of 50 Hz magnetic fields of different magnetic flux densities.   VIEW
    Maes A, Collier M, Vandoninck S, Scarpa P, Verschaeve L,
    Bioelectromagnetics 21(8):589-596, 2000

    [N] Primary DNA Damage in Human Blood Lymphocytes Exposed In Vitro to 2450 MHz Radiofrequency   VIEW
    Vijayalaxmi, Leal BZ, Szilagyi M, Prihoda TJ, Meltz ML
    Radiation. Radiat Res 153(4):479-486, 2000

    [Y] Induction of micronuclei in human lymphocytes exposed in vitro to microwave radiation.   VIEW
    Zotti-Martelli L, Peccatori M, Scarpato R, Migliore L,
    Mutat Res 472(1-2):51-58, 2000

    [Y] Effect of EMF exposure on chemically induced differentiation of Friend erythroleukemia cells   VIEW
    Chen G, Upham BL, Sun W, Chang CC,Rothwell EJ, Chen KM, Yamasaki H, Trosko JE
    Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 108, Number 10, October 2000

    [Y] Effect of electromagnetic field exposure on chemically induced differentiation of friend erythroleukemia cells   VIEW
    Chen G, Upham BL, Sun W, Chang CC, Rothwell EJ, Chen KM, Yamasaki H, Trosko JE
    Environ Health Perspect 2000 Oct;108(10):967-72 2000

    [N] Frequency of micronuclei in the blood and bone marrow cells of mice exposed to ultra-wideband electromagnetic radiation.   VIEW
    Vijayalaxmi, Seaman RL, Belt ML, Doyle JM, Mathur SP, Prihoda TJ
    Int J Radiat Biol 75(1):115-120, 1999

    [Y] Expression of proto-oncogene and activities of multiple transcription factors in RF exposed cells, using C3H10T1/2 mouse embryo fibroblast cells exposed to 835.62 and 847.74 MHz cellphone radiations.   VIEW
    Goswami PC, Albee LD, Parsian AJ, Baty JD, Moros EG, Pickard WF, Roti-Roti JL, Hunt CR,
    Presented at the 1997 Muchaelson Conference. Radiat Res 151(3):300-309, 1999

    [N] Effect of cisplatinum and 2450 MHz EMR on DNA damage measured by the alkaline comet assay.   VIEW
    LaGroye I, Wettring BA, Moros EG, Straube WL, Pickard WF, Roti-Roti JL
    Presented at BEMS in Long Beach, California 1999

    [N] Measurement of DNA damage after acute exposure to 2450 MHz microwaves in rat brain cells.   VIEW
    LaGroye I, Wettring BA, Moros EG, Straube WL, Pickard WF, Roti-Roti JL, Anane, LaRegina MA, Niehoff x
    Presented at the 21st Annual BEMS meeting in Long Beach, California, 1999

    [Y] Further (Final?) studies to find DNA damage due to exposure to RF and microwave radiation.   VIEW
    Roti-Roti J, LaGroye I, Li L, Zhang P, Sisht K, Straube WL, Moros EG, Pickard WF
    Presented at Michaelson Conference in Cloucroft, New Mexico 1999

    [N] Do 27 MHz and 2450 MHz radiation affect in vitro proliferation of human LN-71 glioma cells   VIEW
    Shi R, Davis CC, Motkin SM
    Presented at BEMS in Long Beach, Calif 1999

    [Y] Micronucleus assay and lymphocyte mitotic activity in risk assessment of occupational exposure to microwave radiation   VIEW
    Garaj-Vrhovac V,
    Chemosphere;39(13):2301-2312, 1999

    [Y] Proto-oncogene mRNA levels and activities of multiple transcription factors in C3H 10T 1/2 murine embryonic fibroblasts exposed to 835.62 and 847.74 MHz cellular phone communication frequency radiation.   VIEW
    Goswami PC, Albee LD, Parsian AJ, Baty JD, Moros EG, Pickard WF, Roti Roti JL, Hunt CR,
    Radiat Res 151(3):300-309, 1999

    [NA] Bacterial mutation in high magnetic fields and radiofrequency radiation   VIEW
    Mineta M, Katada R, Yamada T, Nagasawa K, Takahashi K, Aburano T, Yoshida I,
    Nippon Igaku Hoshasen Gakkai Zasshi 59(9):467-469, 1999

    [Y] IRIDIUM exposure increases c-fos expression in the mouse brain only at levels which likely result in tissue heating.   VIEW
    Morrissey JJ, Raney S, Heasley E, Rathinavelu P, Dauphinee M, Fallon JH,
    Neuroscience 92(4):1539-1546, 1999

    [Y] Tandem repeat sequences as markers to study microwave-DNA interaction   VIEW
    Sarkar S
    Presented at the National Seminar on Low-level Electromagnetic Field Phenomena in Biological Systems New Delhi, India, February, 1999

    [N] DNA damage in rat brain cells after in vivo exposure to 2450 MHz electromagnetic radiation and various methods of euthanasia   VIEW
    Malyapa RS, Ahern EW, Bi C, Straube WL, LaRegina M, Pickard WF, Roti Roti JL,
    Radiat Res 149(6):637-645, 1998

    [N] Detection of DNA damage by the alkaline comet assay after exposure to low-dose gamma radiation.   VIEW
    Malyapa RS, Bi C, Ahern EW, Roti Roti JL,
    Radiat Res 149(4):396-400, 1998

    [Y] The effect of ultrahigh-frequency radiation on adaptation thresholds and the damages to blood system cells   VIEW
    Obukhan KI
    Lik Sprava (7):71-73, 1998

    [Y] Microwave irradiation influences on the state of human cell nuclei   VIEW
    Shckorbatov YG, Grigoryeva NN, Shakhbazov VG, Grabina VA, Bogoslavsky AM,
    Bioelectromagnetics 19(7):414-419, 1998

    [Y] 60 Hz magnetic field exposure induces DNA crosslinks in rat brain cells.   VIEW
    Singh NP, Lai H,
    Mutat-Res. 1998 May 25. 400(1-2). P 313-20 1998

    [Y] A polymerase chain reaction assay for simultaneous detection and quantitation of proto-oncogene and GAPD mRNAs.   VIEW
    Albee LD, Goswami PC
    Cell Proliferation 30:271-282 1998

    [N] The effect of exposure to radio frequency EMF on the proliferation of the 9L brain tumour In vivo   VIEW
    Culbreth WP, Spitz DR, Pickard WF, LaRegina MA, Straube W, Moros E, Gutting KM, Kuepfort HL, Roti-Roti JL, Higashinkubo R,
    Radiation Research (submitted) 1998

    [N] Lack of neoplastic transformation in C3H10T1/2 cells following exposure to cellular phone communications frequencies.   VIEW
    Malyapa RS, Aher EW, Moros EG, Strube WL, Pickard WF, Roti-Roti JL
    Presented at BEMS in St Petersburg, Florida 1998

    [Y] DNA damage in Molt-4 T-lymphoblastoid cells exposed to cellular telephone RFs In Vitro.   VIEW
    Phillips JL, Ivaschuk O, Oshida-Jones T, Jones RA, Campbell-Beacler M, Haggren W
    Bioelectrochemistry and Bioenergetics 45:103-110 1998

    [Y] DNA damage in Molt-4 T- lymphoblastoid cells exposed to cellular telephone radiofrequency fields in vitro   VIEW
    Phillips JL, Ivaschuk O, Ishida-Jones T, Jones RA, Campbell-Beachler M, Haggren W
    Bioelectrochem. Bioenerg. 45:103-110, 1998

    [N] Human lymphocyte micronucleus assay as biological indicator of cytogenetic damage by microwave radiation   VIEW
    Zotti Martelli L, Peccatori M, Migliore L,
    Publication unknown - probably 1998

    [Y] Exposure of nerve growth factor treated PC12 rat phenochromocytoma cells to a modulated RF field at 836.55 MHz.   VIEW
    Ivaschuk OI, Ishida-Jones T, Adey WR, Phillips JL
    Bioelectromagnetics 18: 223-229 1997

    [Y] Acute exposure to a 60 Hz magnetic field increases DNA strand breaks in rat brain cells.   VIEW
    Lai H, Singh NP
    Bioelectromagnetics. 18(2). P 156-65. 1997

    [Y] Melatonin and N-tert-butyl-alpha-phenylnitrone block 60-Hz magnetic field-induced DNA single and double strand breaks in rat brain cells.   VIEW
    Lai H, Singh NP
    J-Pineal-Res. 1997 Apr. 22(3). P 152-62. 1997

    [N] Measurement of DNA damage following exposure to EMR in the cellular communications frequency band (835.62 and 847.74 MHz).   VIEW
    Malyapa RS, Ahern EW, Straube WL, Moros EG, Pickard WF, Roti-Roti J
    Radiation Research 148: 618-627 1997

    [Y] Lymphomas in E mu-Pim1 transgenic mice exposed to pulsed 900 MHZ electromagnetic fields.   VIEW
    Repacholi MH, Basten A, Gebski V, Noonan D, Finnie J, Harris AW
    Radiat Res 147(5):631-640, 1997

    [N] DNA synthesis and cell proliferation in C6 glioma and primary glial cells exposed to 836.55 MHz modulate RF.   VIEW
    Stagg RB, Thomas WJ, Jones RA, Adey WR
    Bioelectromagnetics 18: 230-236 1997

    [N] Proliferation and cytogenetic studies in human blood lymphocytes exposed in vitro to 2450 MHz radiofrequency radiation.   VIEW
    Vijayalaxmi, Mohan N, Meltz ML, Wittler MA
    Int J Radiat Biol 72(6):751-757, 1997

    [Y] Effect of global system for mobile communication microwave exposure on the genomic response of the rat brain.   VIEW
    Fritze K, Wiessner C, Kuster N, Sommer C, Gass P, Hermann DM, Kiessling M, Hossmann KA,
    Neuroscience 81(3):627-639, 1997

    [Y] Exposure of nerve growth factor-treated PC12 rat pheochromocytoma cells to a modulated radiofrequency field at 836.55 MHz: effects on c-jun and c-fos expression.   VIEW
    Ivaschuk OI, Jones RA, Ishida-Jones T, Haggren W, Adey WR, Phillips JL,
    Bioelectromagnetics 18(3):223-229, 1997

    [Y] Behavioral teratologic studies using microwave radiation: is there an increased risk from exposure to cellular phones and microwave ovens?   VIEW
    Jensh RP,
    Reprod Toxicol 11(4):601-611, 1997

    [Y] Radiofrequency electromagnetic fields and cell proliferation.   VIEW
    Kwee S, Raskmark P
    Presented at the Second World Congress for Electricity and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine, Bologna, Italy, June, 1997

    [Y] Cytogenetic effects of 935.2-MHz (GSM) microwaves alone and in combination with mitomycin   VIEW
    Maes A, Collier M, Van Gorp U, Vandoninck S, Verschaeve L
    C. Mutat Res 393(1-2):151-156, 1997

    [N] Measurement of DNA damage after exposure to 2450 MHz electromagnetic radiation.   VIEW
    Malyapa RS, Ahern EW, Straube WL, Moros EG, Pickard WF, Roti Roti JL,
    Radiat Res 148(6):608-617, 1997

    [Y] DNA synthesis and cell proliferation in C6 glioma and primary glial cells exposed to a 836.55 MHz modulated radiofrequency field.   VIEW
    Stagg RB, Thomas WJ, Jones RA, Adey WR
    Bioelectromagnetics 18(3):230-236, 1997

    [Y] Frequency of micronuclei in the peripheral blood and bone marrow of cancer-prone mice chronically exposed to 2450 MHz radiofrequency radiation.   VIEW
    Vijayalaxmi, Frei MR, Dusch SJ, Gue V, Melt ML, Jauchem JR
    Radiat Res 147(4):495-500, 1997

    [N] Focus formation of C3H/10T1/2 cells and exposure to 836.55 MHz modulated RF.   VIEW
    Cain CD, Thomas DL, Adey WR,
    Bioelectromagnetics 18:237-243 1997

    [Y] Assessment of radio-frequency electromagnetic radiation by the micronucleus test in bovine peripheral erythrocytes.   VIEW
    Balode Z
    Sci Total Environ 180(1):81-85, 1996

    [Y] Resonance effect of millimeter waves in the power range from 10(-19) to 3 x 10(-3) W/cm2 on E-coli cells at different concentrations.   VIEW
    Belyaev IY, Shcheglov VS, Alipov YD, Polunin VA,
    Bioelectromagnetics 17(4):312-321, 1996

    [Y] Effect of continuous-wave and amplitude-modulated 2.45 GHz microwave radiation on the liver and brain aminoacyl-transfer RNA synthetases of in utero exposed mice.   VIEW
    Kubinyi G, Thuroczy G, Bakos J, Boloni E, Sinay H, Szabo LD,
    Bioelectromagnetics 17(6):497-503, 1996

    [Y] Single- and double-strand DNA breaks in rat brain cells after acute exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation   VIEW
    Lai H, Singh NP
    Int J Radiat Biol 69(4):513-521, 1996

    [N] 954 MHz microwaves enhance the mutagenic properties of mitomycin C   VIEW
    Maes A, Collier M, Slaets D, Verschaeve L,
    Environ Mol Mutagen 28(1):26-30, 1996

    [N] Cell proliferation, sister-chromatid exchange, chromasolam aberrations, micronuclei and mutation rate.   VIEW
    Diener S, Eberle P,
    Electronic Compatability of Biological Systems 1997. Newsletter Edition Wissenschaft Nr.4 1996

    [Y] Single- and double-strand DNA breaks in rat brain cells after acute exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation.   VIEW
    Lai H, Singh NP
    Int-J-Radiat-Biol. 1996 Apr. 69(4). P 513-21. 1996

    [N] DNA and protein exposed to modulated RF fields.   VIEW
    Ruger W, Hansen I
    Presented at Second World Congress in Bologna, Italy 1997; published in Edition Wissenschaft Nr.8 1996

    [Y] Changes in the secondary structure of DNA under the influence of external low-intensity electromagnetic field   VIEW
    Semin IuA, Shvartsburg LK, Dubovik BV
    Radiats Biol Radioecol 35(1):36-41, 1995

    [N] Inactivation of Lactobacillus bacteriophage PL-1 by microwave irradiation.   VIEW
    Kakita Y, Kashige N, Murata K, Kuroiwa A, Funatsu M, Watanabe K,
    Microbiol Immunol 39(8):571-576, 1995

    [Y] Acute low-intensity microwave exposure increases DNA single-strand breaks in rat brain cells   VIEW
    Lai H, Singh NP,
    Bioelectromagnetics 16(3):207-210, 1995

    [Y] DNA analysis of retroposon-like genetic LINE elements in blood plasma of rats exposed to radio-diapason electromagnetic waves   VIEW
    Belokhvostov AS, Osipovich VK, Veselova OM, Kolodiazhnaia VA.
    Radiats Biol Radioecol 35(3):356-363, 1995

    [N] Growth behaviour of human leukemia HL-60 cells influenced by high-frequency EMFs.   VIEW
    Fitzner R, Langer E, Zemann E,
    Presented at BEMS in Florida, 1998. And also at the Second World Congress of E & M in Bologna Italy 1997. Published in Newsletter edition Wissenschaft Nr 1/E 1995

    [Y] Acute low-intensity microwave exposure increases DNA single- strand breaks in rat brain cells.   VIEW
    Lai H, Singh NP
    Bioelectromagnetics. 16(3). P 207-10. 1995

    [N] Effect of low power microwave on the mouse genome: a direct DNA analysis.   VIEW
    Sarkar S, Ali S, Behari J,
    Mutat Res 320(1-2):141-147, 1994

    [Y] Modification of lethal radiation injury in mice by postradiation exposure to low-intensity centimeter-band radio frequency waves   VIEW
    Akoev IG, Mel'nikov VM, Usachev AV, Kozhokaru AF,
    Radiats Biol Radioecol 34(4-5):671-674, 1994

    [Y] In vitro cytogenetic effects of 2450 MHz waves on human peripheral blood lymphocytes.   VIEW
    Maes A, Verschaeve L, Arroyo A, De Wagter C, Vercruyssen L,
    Bioelectromagnetics 14(6):495-501, 1993

    [Y] X-rays, microwaves and vinyl chloride monomer: their clastogenic and aneugenic activity, using the micronucleus assay on human lymphocytes.   VIEW
    Fucic A, Garaj-Vrhovac V, Skara M, Dimitrovic B,
    Mutat Res 282(4):265-271, 1992

    [Y] The correlation between the frequency of micronuclei and specific chromosome aberrations in human lymphocytes exposed to microwave radiation in vitro.   VIEW
    Garaj-Vrhovac V, Fucic A, Horvat D
    Mutat Res 281(3):181-186, 1992

    [Y] Resonance effect of microwaves on the genome conformational state of E. coli cells.   VIEW
    Belyaev IYa, Alipov YD, Shcheglov VS, Lystsov VN
    Z Naturforsch [C] 47(7-8):621-827, 1992

    [Y] Neoplastic transformation of C3H/10T1/2 cells following exposure to 120-Hz modulated 2.45-GHz microwaves and phorbol ester tumor promoter   VIEW
    Balcer-Kubiczek EK, Harrison GH
    Radiat Res 126(1):65-72, 1991

    [Y] The relationship between colony-forming ability, chromosome aberrations and incidence of micronuclei in V79 Chinese hamster cells exposed to microwave radiation.   VIEW
    Garaj-Vrhovac V, Horvat D, Koren Z,
    Mutat Res 263(3):143-149, 1991

    [N] Quantitative patterns in the cytogenetic action of microwaves   VIEW
    Koveshnikov IV, Antipenko EN
    Radiobiologiia 31(1):149-151, 1991

    [Y] Altered restriction patterns of microwave irradiated lambdaphage DNA   VIEW
    Narasimhan V, Huh WK
    Biochem Int 25(2):363-370, 1991

    [Y] Hematological changes in peripheral blood of workers occupationally exposed to microwave radiation.   VIEW
    Goldoni J,
    Health Physics 58:205-207, 1990

    [N] Influence of RFR on chromosome aberrations in CHO cells and its interaction with DNA-damaging agents.   VIEW
    Kerbacher JJ, Meltz ML, Erwin DN,
    Radiat Res 123(3):311-319, 1990

    [N] Proflavin and microwave radiation: absence of a mutagenic interaction.   VIEW
    Meltz ML, Eagan P, Erwin DN,
    Bioelectromagnetics 11(2):149-157, 1990

    [N] The effect of microwave radiation on the cell genome.   VIEW
    Garaj-Vrhovac V, Horvat D, Koren Z
    Mutat Res 243(2):87-93, 1990

Note: Some of the above research has produced results which suggest long-term use of cellphones could be harmful, and some has produced no results. Note that finding some effect does not necessarily mean that the effect is adverse to humans, or that it is potentially harmful. The body has good repair mechanisms. Of course it does suggest that more research is probably urgently needed to find out what it does signify.

ABSTRACTS INDEX