EMF Health-effect Research  

Index of Abstracts

STUDIES ON HORMONES,
PROTEINS AND ENZYMES



    • [Y]
 Red means sub-thermal effects were found (not always at significant levels).
    • [N]  The black indicates no EM effects were found.
    • [NA]
The cyan means ... Not applicable.

    [N] Use of wireless telephones and serum S100B levels: A descriptive cross-sectional study among healthy Swedish adults aged 18-65 years.   VIEW
    Soderqvist F, Carlberg M, Hardell L
    Sci Total Environ. 407(2):798-805, 2009

    [Y] Proliferation, oxidative stress and cell death in cells exposed to 872 MHz radiofrequency radiation and oxidants,   VIEW
    Hyt A, Luukkonen J, Juutilainen J, Naarala J,
    Radiat, Res, 170(2):235-243, 2008

    [Y] 900 MHz modulated electromagnetic fields accelerate the clathrin-mediated endocytosis pathway,   VIEW
    Moisescu MG, Leveque P, Verjus MA, Kovacs E, Mir LM
    Bioelectromagnetics, Dec 12 2008

    [Y] Effects of exposure to 1.8 GHz radiofrequency field on the expression of Hsps and phosphorylation of MAPKs in human lens epithelial cells.   VIEW
    Yu Y, Yao K, Wu W, Wang K, Chen G, Lu D
    Cell Res. 18(12):1233-1235, 2008

    [Y] Effects of mobile phone electromagnetic fields at nonthermal SAR values on melatonin and body weight of Djungarian hamsters (Phodopus sungorus),   VIEW
    Lerchl A, Krger H, Niehaus M, Streckert JR, Bitz AK, Hansen V,
    J Pineal Res, 44(3):267-272, 2008

    [Y] Surface markers and functions of human dendritic cells exposed to mobile phone 1800 MHz EMF   VIEW
    Zhou ZD, Zeng QL, Zheng Y, Zhang JB, Chen HY, Lu DQ, Shao CS, Xia DJ
    Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban. 37(1):29-33, 2008

    [N] Influence of EMF Emitted by GSM-900 Cellular Telephones on the Circadian Patterns of Gonadal, Adrenal and Pituitary Hormones in Men.   VIEW
    Djeridane Y, Touitou Y, de Seze R
    Radiat Res. 169(3):337-343, 2008

    [Y] Evaluation of HSP70 Expression and DNA Damage in Cells of a Human Trophoblast Cell Line Exposed to 1.8 GHz AM RF   VIEW
    Valbonesi P, Franzellitti S, Piano A, Contin A, Biondi C, Fabbri E
    Radiat Res. 169(3):270-279, 2008

    [Y] Blocking 1800 MHz mobile phone radiation-induced reactive oxygen species production and DNA damage in lens epithelial cells by noise magnetic fields   VIEW
    Wu W, Yao K, Wang KJ, Lu DQ, He JL, Xu LH, Sun WJ.
    Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban. 37(1):34-38, 2008

    [Y] Gene Expression Changes in the Skin of Rats Induced by Prolonged 35 GHz Millimeter-Wave Exposure.   VIEW
    Millenbaugh NJ, Roth C, Sypniewska R, Chan V, Eggers JS, Kiel JL, Blystone RV, Mason PA
    Radiat Res. 169(3):288-300, 2008

    [N] Evaluation of HSP70 Expression and DNA Damage in Cells of a Human Trophoblast Cell Line Exposed to 1.8 GHz AM RF   VIEW
    Valbonesi P, Franzellitti S, Piano A, Contin A, Biondi C, Fabbri E
    Radiat Res. 169(3):270-279, 2008

    [Y] Influence of Electromagnetic Fields Emitted by GSM-900 Cellular Telephones on the Circadian Patterns of Gonadal, Adrenal and Pituitary Hormones in Men.   VIEW
    Djeridane Y, Touitou Y, de Seze R
    Radiat Res. 169(3):337-343, 2008

    [Y] Surface markers and functions of human dendritic cells exposed to mobile phone 1800 MHz electromagnetic fields   VIEW
    Zhou ZD, Zeng QL, Zheng Y, Zhang JB, Chen HY, Lu DQ, Shao CS, Xia DJ
    Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban. 37(1):29-33, 2008

    [Y] Effects of 900-MHz Radio Frequencies on the Chemotaxis of Human Neutrophils in Vitro.   VIEW
    Aly AA, Cheema MI, Tambawala M, Laterza R, Zhou E, Rathnabharathi K, Barnes FS
    IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, 55(2): 795-797, 2008

    [Y] Effect of a chronic GSM 900MHz exposure on glia in the rat brain,   VIEW
    Ammari M, Brillaud E, Gamez C, Lecomte A, Sakly M, Abdelmelek H, de Seze R
    Biomed Pharmacother, 62(4):273-81, 2008

    [Y] Chronic non-thermal exposure of modulated 2450 MHz microwave radiation alters thyroid hormones and behavior of male rats,   VIEW
    Sinha RK
    Int J Radiat Biol, 84(6):505-513, 2008

    [Y] Melatonin Reduces Oxidative Stress Induced by Chronic Exposure of Microwave Radiation from Mobile Phones in Rat Brain,   VIEW
    Sokolovic D, Djindjic B, Nikolic J, Bjelakovic G, Pavlovic D, Kocic G, Krstic D, Cvetkovic T, Pavlovic V
    J Radiat Res (Tokyo), Sep 29 2008

    [Y] HSP70 expression in human trophoblast cells exposed to different 1.8 Ghz mobile phone signals.   VIEW
    Franzellitti S, Valbonesi P, Contin A, Biondi C, Fabbri E
    Radiat Res. 170(4):488-497, 2008

    [N] Characterization of biological effect of 1763 MHz radiofrequency exposure on auditory hair cells.   VIEW
    Huang TQ, Lee MS, Oh EH, Kalinec F, Zhang BT, Seo JS, Park WY
    Int J Radiat Biol. 84(11):909-915, 2008

    [Y] Melatonin reduces oxidative stress induced by chronic exposure of microwave radiation from mobile phones in rat brain.   VIEW
    Sokolovic D, Djindjic B, Nikolic J, Bjelakovic G, Pavlovic D, Kocic G, Krstic D, Cvetkovic T, Pavlovic V
    J Radiat Res (Tokyo). 49(6):579-586, 2008

    [Y] Blood-brain barrier permeability and nerve cell damage in rat brain 14 and 28 days after exposure to microwaves from GSM mobile phones.   VIEW
    Eberhardt JL, Persson BR, Brun AE, Salford LG, Malmgren LO
    Electromagn Biol Med. 27(3):215-229, 2008

    [Y] Effect of an acute 900MHz GSM exposure on glia in the rat brain: A time-dependent study.   VIEW
    Brillaud E, Piotrowski A, de Seze R
    Toxicology. May 26; 2007

    [Y] Mechanism of a short-term ERK activation by electromagnetic fields at mobile phone frequency.   VIEW
    Friedman J, Kraus S, Hauptman Y, Schiff Y, Seger R
    Biochem J. Apr 25 2007

    [N] Denaturation of hen egg white lysozyme in electromagnetic fields: A molecular dynamics study.   VIEW
    English NJ, Mooney DA
    J Chem Phys. 126(9):091105, 2007

    [Y] Microwave irradiation induces neurite outgrowth in PC12m3 cells via the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway.   VIEW
    Inoue S, Motoda H, Koike Y, Kawamura K, Hiragami F, Kano Y
    Neurosci Lett. Dec 8 2007

    [Y] Effects of mobile phone electromagnetic fields at nonthermal SAR values on melatonin and body weight of Djungarian hamsters (Phodopus sungorus)   VIEW
    Lerchl A, Krger H, Niehaus M, Streckert JR, Bitz AK, Volkert Hansen V
    J Pineal Res 2007

    [N] Effect of GSM-900 and -1800 signals on the skin of hairless rats. III: Expression of heat shock proteins.   VIEW
    Sanchez S, Masuda H, Ruffi G, De Gannes FP, Billaudel B, Haro E, Lvque P, Lagroye I, Veyret B.
    Int J Radiat Biol. Sep 8;:1-8, 2007

    [Y] Effects of 900-MHz electromagnetic field emitted from cellular phone on brain oxidative stress and some vitamin levels of guinea pigs.   VIEW
    Meral I, Mert H, Mert N, Deger Y, Yoruk I, Yetkin A, Keskin S
    Brain Res. Jul 17; 2007

    [N] Formation of Reactive Oxygen Species in L929 Cells after Exposure to 900 MHz RF Radiation with and without Co-exposure to 3-Chloro-4-(dichloromethyl)-5-hydroxy-2(5H)-furanone.   VIEW
    Zeni, O., Di Pietro, R., d'Ambrosio, G., Massa, R., Capri, M., Naarala, J., Juutilainen, J. and Scarfi, M. R
    Radiat. Res. 167, 306-311 2007

    [Y] Effects of mobile phones on oxidant/antioxidant balance in cornea and lens of rats   VIEW
    Balci M, Devrim E, Durak I
    Curr Eye Res, 32(1):21-25, 2007

    [Y] Mechanism of a short-term ERK activation by electromagnetic fields at mobile phone frequency,   VIEW
    Friedman J, Kraus S, Hauptman Y, Schiff Y, Seger R
    Biochem J, Apr 25; 2007

    [Y] Effect of an acute 900MHz GSM exposure on glia in the rat brain: A time-dependent study,   VIEW
    Brillaud E, Piotrowski A, de Seze R
    Toxicology, May 26; 2007

    [Y] Effects of different dose microwave radiation on protein components of cultured rabbit lens   VIEW
    Wang KJ, Yao K, Lu DQ
    Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi, 25(4):208-210, 2007

    [Y] 900 MHz radiofrequency-induced histopathologic changes and oxidative stress in rat endometrium: protection by vitamins E and C,   VIEW
    Guney M, Ozguner F, Oral B, Karahan N, Mungan T
    Toxicol Ind Health, 23(7):411-420, 2007

    [Y] Melatonin modulates 900 Mhz microwave-induced lipid peroxidation changes in rat brain,   VIEW
    Koylu H, Mollaoglu H, Ozguner F, Nazyroglu M, Delibab N
    Toxicol Ind Health, 22(5):211-216, 2006

    [N] Hsp70 expression and free radical release after exposure to non-thermal radio-frequency electromagnetic fields and ultrafine particles in human Mono Mac 6 cells.   VIEW
    Simko M, Hartwig C, Lantow M, Lupke M, Mattsson MO, Rahman Q, Rollwitz J.
    Toxicol Lett. 161(1):73-82, 2006

    [Y] Pulsed radiofrequency applied to dorsal root ganglia causes a selective increase in ATF3 in small neurons.   VIEW
    Hamann W, Abou-Sherif S, Thompson S, Hall S.
    Eur J Pain. 10(2):171-176, 2006

    [Y] 1800 MHz electromagnetic field effects on melatonin release from isolated pineal glands.   VIEW
    Sukhotina I, Streckert JR, Bitz AK, Hansen VW, Lerchl A
    J Pineal Res. 40(1):86-91, 2006

    [Y] Protective effects of melatonin and caffeic acid phenethyl ester against retinal oxidative stress in long-term use of mobile phone:   VIEW
    Ozguner F, Bardak Y, Comlekci S.
    A comparative study. Mol Cell Biochem. 282(1-2):83-88, 2006

    [Y] Effects of a 2450 MHz high-frequency electromagnetic field with a wide range of SARs on the induction of heat-shock proteins in A172 cells   VIEW
    Wang J, Koyama S, Komatsubara Y, Suzuki Y, Taki M, Miyakoshi J.
    Bioelectromagnetics. Apr 18; 2006

    [Y] Does evening exposure to mobile phone radiation affect subsequent melatonin production?   VIEW
    Wood A, Loughran S, Stough C
    Int. J. Rad. Biol 82:69-76, 2006

    [Y] Chronic exposure to GSM 1800-MHz microwaves reduces excitatory synaptic activity in cultured hippocampal neurons   VIEW
    Xu S, Ning W, Xu Z, Zhou S, Chiang H, Luo J.
    Neurosci Lett. Jan 25 2006

    [Y] GSM radiation triggers seizures and increases cerebral c-Fos positivity in rats pretreated with subconvulsive doses of picrotoxin.   VIEW
    Lopez-Martin E, Relova-Quinteiro JL, Gallego-Gomez R, Peleteiro-Fernandez M, Jorge-Barreiro FJ, Ares-Pena FJ.
    Neurosci Lett. Jan 27 2006

    [Y] Free Radical Release and HSP70 Expression in Two Human Immune-Relevant Cell Lines after Exposure to 1800 MHz RFR.   VIEW
    Lantow M, Schuderer J, Hartwig C, Simko M.
    Radiat Res. 165(1):88-94, 2006

    [N] Radiofrequency radiation does not induce stress response in human T-lymphocytes and rat primary astrocytes.   VIEW
    Lee JS, Huang TQ, Kim TH, Kim JY, Kim HJ, Pack JK, Seo JS.
    Bioelectromagnetics. 27(7):578-588, 2006

    [Y] Age-Dependent Effects of in Vitro Radiofrequency Exposure (Mobile Phone) on CD95+ T Helper Human Lymphocytes.   VIEW
    Capri M, Salvioli S, Altilia S, Sevini F, Remondini D, Mesirca P, Bersani F, Monti D, Franceschi C
    Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1067:493-499, 2006

    [Y] Analysis of proto-oncogene and heat-shock protein gene expression in human derived cell-lines exposed in vitro to an intermittent 1.9 GHz pulse-modulated radiofrequency field.   VIEW
    Chauhan V , Mariampillai A, Gajda GB, Thansandote A, McNamee JP
    Int J Radiat Biol. 82(5):347-354, 2006

    [N] Mobile phone base station-emitted radiation does not induce phosphorylation of Hsp27.   VIEW
    Hirose H, Sakuma N, Kaji N, Nakayama K, Inoue K, Sekijima M, Nojima T, Miyakoshi J
    Bioelectromagnetics. Sep 26; 2006

    [N] Effects of Global System for Mobile Communications 1800 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic fields on gene and protein expression in MCF-7 cells.   VIEW
    Zeng Q, Chen G, Weng Y, Wang L, Chiang H, Lu D, Xu Z.
    Proteomics. Aug 3 2006

    [Y] DNA damage and repair induced by acute exposure of microwave from mobile phone on cultured human lens epithelial cells   VIEW
    Sun LX, Yao K, Jiang H, He JL, Lu DQ, Wang KJ, Li HW
    Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi. 42(12):1084-1088, 2006

    [Y] UHF EMF irradiation during pregnancy leads to an increase in erythrocytes micronuclei incidence in rat offspring,   VIEW
    Ferreira AR, Knakievicz T, de Bittencourt Pasquali MA, Gelain DP, Dal-Pizzol F, Fernandez CE, de Almeida de Salles AA, Ferreira HB, Moreira JC
    Life Sci, Aug 23; 2006

    [Y] Effect of acute exposure to microwave from mobile phone on DNA damage and repair of cultured human lens epithelial cells in vitro   VIEW
    Sun LX, Yao K, He JL, Lu DQ, Wang KJ, Li HW
    Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi, 24(8):465-467, 2006

    [N] HSP27 phosphorylation increases after 45 degrees C or 41 degrees C heat shocks but not after non-thermal TDMA or GSM exposures,   VIEW
    Vanderwaal RP, Cha B, Moros EG, Roti Roti JL
    Int J Hyperthermia, 22(6):507-519, 2006

    [N] Mobile phone base station-emitted radiation does not induce phosphorylation of Hsp27,   VIEW
    Hirose H, Sakuma N, Kaji N, Nakayama K, Inoue K, Sekijima M, Nojima T, Miyakoshi J
    Bioelectromagnetics, Sep 26; 2006

    [Y] Effects of 1,8GHz radiofrequency field on DNA damage and expression of heat shock protein 70 in human lens epithelial cells,   VIEW
    Lixia S, Yao K, Kaijun W, Deqiang L, Huajun H, Xiangwei G, Baohong W, Wei Z, Jianling L, Wei W
    Mutat Res, Sep 29; 2006

    [N] Effect of GSM-900 and -1800 signals on the skin of hairless rats, II: 12-week chronic exposures,   VIEW
    Sanchez S, Masuda H, Billaudel B, Haro E, Anane R, Leveque P, Ruffie G, Lagroye I, Veyret B
    Int J Radiat Biol, 82(9):675-680, 2006

    [N] Effect of GSM-900 and -1800 signals on the skin of hairless rats, I: 2-hour acute exposures,   VIEW
    Masuda H, Sanchez S, Dulou PE, Haro E, Anane R, Billaudel B, Leveque P, Veyret B
    Int J Radiat Biol, 82(9):669-674, 2006

    [Y] Exposure to cell phone radiation up-regulates apoptosis genes in primary cultures of neurons and astrocytes,   VIEW
    Zhao TY, Zou SP, Knapp PE
    Neurosci Lett, Dec 20; 2006

    [Y] Endometrial Apoptosis Induced by a 900-MHz Mobile Phone: Preventive Effects of Vitamins E and C,   VIEW
    Oral B, Guney M, Ozguner F, Karahan N, Mungan T, Comlekci S, Cesur G
    Adv Ther, 23(6):957-973, 2006

    [Y] DNA damage and repair induced by acute exposure of microwave from mobile phone on cultured human lens epithelial cells   VIEW
    Sun LX, Yao K, Jiang H, He JL, Lu DQ, Wang KJ, Li HW
    Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi, 42(12):1084-1088, 2006

    [Y] Effects of a 2450 MHz high-frequency electromagnetic field with a wide range of SARs on the induction of heat-shock proteins in A172 cells,   VIEW
    Wang J, Koyama S, Komatsubara Y, Suzuki Y, Taki M, Miyakoshi J
    Bioelectromagnetics, 27(6):479-486, 2006

    [Y] GSM base station electromagnetic radiation and oxidative stress in rats,   VIEW
    Yurekli AI, Ozkan M, Kalkan T, Saybasili H, Tuncel H, Atukeren P, Gumustas K, Seker S
    Electromagn Biol Med, 25(3):177-188, 2006

    [Y] Age-Dependent Effects of in Vitro Radiofrequency Exposure (Mobile Phone) on CD95+ T Helper Human Lymphocytes,   VIEW
    Capri M, Salvioli S, Altilia S, Sevini F, Remondini D, Mesirca P, Bersani F, Monti D, Franceschi C
    Ann N Y Acad Sci, 1067:493-499, 2006

    [N] Effects of GSM-modulated radiofrequency electromagnetic fields on B-cell peripheral differentiation and antibody production,   VIEW
    Nasta F, Prisco MG, Pinto R, Lovisolo GA, Marino C, Pioli C,
    Radiat Res, 165(6):664-670, 2006

    [N] Exposure to radiofrequency radiation (900 MHz, GSM signal) does not affect micronucleus frequency and cell proliferation in human peripheral blood lymphocytes:   VIEW
    Scarfi MR, Fresegna AM, Villani P, Pinto R, Marino C, Sarti M, Altavista P, Sannino A, Lovisolo GA,
    Radiat Res, 165(6):655-663, 2006

    [Y] Effects of GSM 1800 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic fields on protein expression profile of human breast cancer cell MCF-7   VIEW
    Zeng QL, Weng Y, Chen GD, Lu DQ, Chiang H, Xu ZP
    Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi, 40(3):153-158, 2006

    [Y] Effects of Global System for Mobile Communications 1800 MHz radiofrequency electromagnetic fields on gene and protein expression in MCF-7 cells,   VIEW
    Zeng Q, Chen G, Weng Y, Wang L, Chiang H, Lu D, Xu Z,
    Proteomics, Aug 3; 2006

    [Y] Mobile phone radiation causes changes in gene and protein expression in human endothelial cell lines and the response seems to be genome- and proteome-dependent,   VIEW
    Nylund R, Leszczynski D
    Proteomics, Jul 28; 2006

    [Y] Gene expression changes in human cells after exposure to mobile phone microwaves,   VIEW
    Remondini D, Nylund R, Reivinen J, Poulletier de Gannes F, Veyret B, Lagroye I, Haro E, Trillo MA, Capri M, Franceschi C, Schlatterer K, Gminski R, Fitzner R, Tauber R, Schuderer J, Kuster N, Leszczynski D, Bersani F, Maercker C
    Proteomics, Jul 28; 2006

    [N] Exposure of Cultured Astroglial and Microglial Brain Cells to 900 MHz Microwave Radiation.   VIEW
    Thorlin, T., Rouquette, J.-M., Hamnerius, Y., Hansson, E., Persson, M., Bjorklund, U., Rosengren, L., Ronnback, L. and Persson, M
    Radiat. Res. 166, 409-421, 2006

    [Y] Scalp localization of human auditory cortical activity modified by GSM electromagnetic fields   VIEW
    Maby E, Jeannes Rle B, Faucon G
    Int J Radiat Biol, 82(7):465-472, 2006

    [Y] Variations of melatonin and stress hormones under extended shifts and radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation.   VIEW
    Vangelova KK, Israel MS
    Rev Environ Health. 20(2):151-161, 2005

    [Y] A novel antioxidant agent caffeic acid phenethyl ester prevents long-term mobile phone exposure-induced renal impairment in rat.   VIEW
    Ozguner F, Oktem F, Ayata A, Koyu A, Yilmaz HR.
    Mol Cell Biochem. 277(1-2):73-80, 2005

    [Y] Comparative analysis of the protective effects of melatonin and caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) on mobile phone-induced renal impairment in rat   VIEW
    Ozguner F, Oktem F, Armagan A, Yilmaz R, Koyu A, Demirel R, Vural H, Uz E.
    Mol Cell Biochem. 276(1-2):31-37, 2005

    [N] The Heat-Shock Factor is not Activated in Mammalian Cells Exposed to Cellular Phone Frequency Microwaves.   VIEW
    Laszlo, A., Moros, E. G., Davidson, T., Bradbury, M., Straube, W. and Roti Roti, J.
    Radiat. Res. 164, 163-172, 2005

    [Y] A small temperature rise may contribute towards the apparent induction by microwaves of heat-shock gene expression in the nematode Caenorhabditis Elegans.   VIEW
    Dawe AS, Smith B, Thomas DW, Greedy S, Vasic N, Gregory A, Loader B, de Pomerai DI.
    Bioelectromagnetics. Dec 8; 2005

    [N] In vitro effects of GSM modulated radiofrequency fields on human immune cells.   VIEW
    Tuschl H, Novak W, Molla-Djafari H.
    Bioelectromagnetics. Dec 8; 2005

    [Y] Mobile phone-induced myocardial oxidative stress:   VIEW
    Ozguner F, Altinbas A, Ozaydin M, Dogan A, Vural H, Kisioglu AN, Cesur G, Yildirim NG.
    Toxicol Ind Health. 21(9):223-230, 2005

    [N] Subchronic exposure of hsp70.1-deficient mice to radiofrequency radiation   VIEW
    Lee JS, Huang TQ, Lee JJ, Pack JK, Jang JJ, Seo JS.
    Int J Radiat Biol. 81(10):781-792, 2005

    [Y] Effects of 900MHz electromagnetic field on TSH and thyroid hormones in rats   VIEW
    Koyu A, Cesur G, Ozguner F, Akdogan M, Mollaoglu H, Ozen S.
    Toxicol Lett. 157(3):257-262, 2005

    [N] No effects of 900 MHz and 1800 MHz electromagnetic field emitted from cellular phone on nocturnal serum melatonin levels in rats.   VIEW
    Koyu A, Ozguner F, Cesur G, Gokalp O, Mollaoglu H, Caliskan S, Delibas N.
    Toxicol Ind Health. 21(1-2):27-31, 2005

    [Y] Localized effects of microwave radiation on the intact eye lens in culture conditions   VIEW
    Dovrat A, Berenson R, Bormusov E, Lahav A, Lustman T, Sharon N, Schachter L
    Bioelectromagnetics. May 10 2005

    [N] 915 MHz microwaves and 50 Hz magnetic fields on human lymphocytes from hypersensitive and healthy persons.   VIEW
    Belyaev IY, Hillert L, Protopopova M, Tamm C, Malmgren LO, Persson BR, Selivanova G, Harms-Ringdahl M.
    Bioelectromagnetics. 26(3):173-184, 2005

    [Y] Structural and kinetic effects of mobile phone microwaves on acetylcholinesterase activity   VIEW
    Barteri M, Pala A, Rotella S.
    Biophys Chem. 113(3):245-253, 2005

    [N] Electromagnetic Fields on Nonthermal Induction of Heat-Shock Proteins in Human Leukocytes.   VIEW
    Lim HB, Cook GG, Barker AT, Coulton LA.
    Radiat Res. 163(1):45-52, 2005

    [N] Short term exposure to 1439 MHz pulsed TDMA field does not alter melatonin synthesis in rats.   VIEW
    Hata K, Yamaguchi H, Tsurita G, Watanabe S, Wake K, Taki M, Ueno S, Nagawa H.
    Bioelectromagnetics. 26(1):49-53, 2005

    [Y] The Effects of Whole Body Cell Phone Exposure on the T1 Relaxation Times and Trace Elements in the Serum of Rats   VIEW
    Aksen F, Dasdag S, Akdag MZ, Askin M, Dasdag MM.
    Biol. Med. 23:7-11, 2004

    [Y] Nonthermal GSM microwaves affect chromatin conformation in human lymphocytes similar to heat shock   VIEW
    Sarimov R, Malmgren L.O.G., Markova, E., Persson, B.R.R.. Belyaev, I.Y.
    IEEE Trans Plasma Sci 32:1600-1608, 2004

    [N] 1800 MHz radiofrequency (GSM) does not affect apoptosis and heat shock protein 70 level in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from young and old donors   VIEW
    Capri M, Scarcella E, Bianchi E, Fumelli C, Mesirca P, Agostini C, Remondini D, Schuderer J, Kuster N, Franceschi C, Bersani F
    Int J Radiat Biol. 80(6):389-397, 2004

    [Y] Proteomics analysis of human endothelial cell line EA.hy926 after exposure to GSM 900 radiation.   VIEW
    Nylund R, Leszczynski D
    Proteomics 4:1359-1365, 2004

    [Y] High frequency electromagnetic fields (GSM signals) affect gene expression levels in tumor suppressor p53-deficient embryonic stem cells.   VIEW
    Czyz J , Guan K, Zeng Q, Nikolova T, Meister A, Schnborn F, Schuderer J, Kuster N, Wobus AM
    Bioelectromagnetics 25:296-307, 2004

    [Y] Are thyroid dysfunctions related to stress or microwave exposure (900 MHz)?   VIEW
    Bergamaschi A, Magrini A, Ales G, Coppetta L, Somma G.
    Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol. 17(2 Suppl):31-36, 2004

    [Y] Microwave radiation can alter protein conformation without bulk heating   VIEW
    de Pomerai DI, Smith B, Dawe A, North K, Smith T, Archer DB, Duce IR, Jones D, Candido EP
    FEBS Lett 22;543(1-3):93-97, 2003

    [Y] Effects of mobile phone radiation on reproduction and development in Drosophila melanogaster.   VIEW
    Weisbrot D, Lin H, Ye L, Blank M, Goodman R
    J Cell Biochem 89(1):48-55, 2003

    [Y] Effects of electromagnetic radiation from a cellular telephone on epidermal Merkel cells,   VIEW
    Irmak MK, Oztas E, Yagmurca M, Fadillioglu E, Bakir B
    J Cutan Pathol, 30(2):135-138, 2003

    [Y] Effects of electromagnetic radiation from a cellular telephone on the oxidant and antioxidant levels in rabbits   VIEW
    Irmak MK, Fadillioglu E, Gulec M, Erdogan H, Yagmurca M, Akyol O.
    Cell Biochem Funct. 20(4):279-283, 2002

    [Y] Suppression of nonspecific resistance of the body under the effect of extremely high frequency electromagnetic radiation of low intensity   VIEW
    Kolomytseva MP, Gapeev AB, Sadovnikov VB, Chemeris NK.
    Biofizika. 47(1):71-77, 2002

    [Y] Effect of EMF on the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD-1) and the level of malonyldialdehyde (MDA)   VIEW
    Stopczyk D, Gnitecki W, Buczynski A, Markuszewski L, Buczynski J
    Med Pr. 53(4):311-314, 2002

    [N] Activation of the hsp27/p38MAPK stress pathway by EMF in human endothelial cells: Molecular mechanism for cancer- and BBB-related effects   VIEW
    Leszczynski D, Joenvr S, Reivinen J, Kuokka R,
    Differentiation 70:120 129, 2002

    [Y] Microwave exposure induces Hsp70 and confers protection against hypoxia in chick embryos   VIEW
    Shallom JM, Di Carlo AL, Ko D, Penafiel LM, Nakai A, Litovitz TA
    J Cell Biochem 86(3):490-496, 2002

    [Y] The effect of low level radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation on the excretion rates of stress hormones in operators during 24-hour shifts.   VIEW
    Vangelova K, Israel M, Mihaylov S
    Cent Eur J Public Health 10(1-2):24-28, 2002

    [Y] NF- B DNA-binding activity after high peak power pulsed microwave (8.2 GHz) exposure of normal human monocytes.   VIEW
    Natarajan M, Vijayalaxmi , Szilagyi M, Roldan FN, Meltz ML.
    Bioelectromagnetics 23:271-277, 2002

    [Y] Chronic electromagnetic field exposure decreases HSP70 levels and lowers cytoprotection.   VIEW
    Di Carlo A, White N, Guo F, Garrett P, Litovitz T.
    J. Cell. Biochem. 84: 447-454, 2002

    [Y] Effect of extremely high frequency electromagnetic radiation of low intensity on parameters of humoral immunity in healthy mice.   VIEW
    Lushnikov KV, Gapeev AB, Sadovnikov VB, Cheremis NK
    Biofizika 46(4):753-760, 2001

    [Y] Changes in cellular Proteins due to environmental Non-ionising radiation   VIEW
    Kwee S, Raskmark P, Velizarov P.
    Electro- and Magnetobiology 20: 141-152, 2001

    [Y] Effect of low intensity pulse-modulated electromagnetic radiation on activity of alkaline phosphatase in blood serum   VIEW
    Pashovkina MS, Akoev IG.
    Radiats Biol Radioecol 41(1):62-66, 2001

    [Y] Effect of low-intensity pulse-modulated microwave on human blood aspartate aminotransferase activity   VIEW
    Pashovkina MS, Akoev IG
    Radiats Biol Radioecol 41(1):59-61, 2001

    [NA] Mobile phones, heat shock proteins and cancer   VIEW
    French PW, Penny R, Laurence JA,McKenzie DR
    Differentiation (2001) 67 (4-5), 93-97. 2001

    [N] Changes on Cellular Proteins due to Environmental Non-ionizing Radiation heat-shock proteins   VIEW
    Kwee S, Raskmark P, Velizarov S.
    Electromag. Biol. Med. 20:141-152, 2001

    [Y] Effects of acute exposure to the radiofrequency fields of cellular phones on plasma lipid peroxide and antioxidase activities in human erythrocytes   VIEW
    Moustafa YM, Moustafa RM, Belacy A, Abou-El-Ela SH, Ali FM.
    J Pharm Biomed Anal 26(4):605-608, 2001

    [Y] Combined effects of traffic and electromagnetic fields on the immune system of fertile atopic women.   VIEW
    Del Signore A, Boscolo P, Kouri S, Di Martino G, Giuliano G,
    Ind Health 38(3):294-300, 2000

    [Y] Changes of neurocytes in CNS under general exposure to UHF field   VIEW
    Leshin VV,
    Med Tr Prom Ekol (5):5-8, 2000

    [Y] Uteroplacental circulatory disturbance mediated by prostaglandin f(2alpha) in rats exposed to microwaves*   VIEW
    Nakamura H, Nagase H, Ogino K, Hatta K, Matsuzaki I,
    Reprod Toxicol 14(3):235-40, 2000

    [Y] Changes in serum alkaline phosphatase activity during in vitro exposure to AM EMF of ultrahigh frequency (2375 MHz) in guinea pigs   VIEW
    Pashovkina MS, Akoev IG
    Biofizika 45(1):130-136, 2000

    [Y] Non-thermal heat-shock response to microwaves,   VIEW
    de Pomerai D, Daniells C, David H, Allan J, Duce I, Mutwakil M, Thomas D, Sewell P, Tattersall J, Jones D, Candido P
    Nature May 25, 2000

    [N] Occupational exposure to high frequency electromagnetic fields and its effect on human immune parameters   VIEW
    Tuschl H, Neubauer G, Garn H, Duftschmid K, Winker N, Brusl H
    Int J Occup Med Environ Health;12(3):239-251, 1999

    [N] Effects of Pulse Microwave Exposure on Mitochondrial Marker Enzyme and Energy Metabolism in Mouse Brain (1)   VIEW
    Chiang H
    Paper presented at Erice, Sicily, Italy, November 21-25, 1999

    [N] Effects of pulse microwave radiation pre-and post-natally on developing mice (2)   VIEW
    Chaing H,
    Paper presented at Erice, Sicily, Italy, November 21-25, 1999

    [N] Influence of EMP on the nervous system of rats   VIEW
    Wu YZ, Jia YF, Guo Y, Zheng ZX:
    Acta Biophysica Sinica 15:152-157, 1999

    [Y] Change in the percent of lactate dehydrogenase isoenzyme level in testes of animals exposed to superhigh frequency radiation   VIEW
    Afromeev VI, Tkachenko VN,
    Biofizika 44(5):931-932, 1999

    [N] The effects of radiocellular telephones on the circadian patterns of melatonin secretion, a chronobiological rhythm marker   VIEW
    de Seze R, Ayoub J, Peray P, Miro L, Touitou Y,
    J Pineal Res 27(4):237-242, 1999

    [Y] Micronucleus assay and lymphocyte mitotic activity in risk assessment of occupational exposure to microwave radiation   VIEW
    Garaj-Vrhovac V,
    Chemosphere;39(13):2301-2312, 1999

    [Y] Proto-oncogene mRNA levels and activities of multiple transcription factors in C3H 10T 1/2 murine embryonic fibroblasts exposed to 835.62 and 847.74 MHz cellular phone communication frequency radiation.   VIEW
    Goswami PC, Albee LD, Parsian AJ, Baty JD, Moros EG, Pickard WF, Roti Roti JL, Hunt CR,
    Radiat Res 151(3):300-309, 1999

    [Y] IRIDIUM exposure increases c-fos expression in the mouse brain only at levels which likely result in tissue heating.   VIEW
    Morrissey JJ, Raney S, Heasley E, Rathinavelu P, Dauphinee M, Fallon JH,
    Neuroscience 92(4):1539-1546, 1999

    [Y] The effect of various occupational exposures to microwave radiation on the concentrations of immunoglobulins and T lymphocyte subsets   VIEW
    Moszczynski P, Lisiewicz J, Dmoch A, Zabinski Z, Bergier L, Rucinska M, Sasiadek U,
    Wiad Lek 52(1-2):30-34, 1999

    [Y] GSM radiocellular telephones do not disturb the secretion of antepituitary hormones in humans.   VIEW
    de Seze R, Fabbro-Peray P, Miro L,
    Bioelectromagnetics 19(5):271-278, 1998

    [Y] Levels of immunoglobulin and subpopulations of T lymphocytes and NK cells in men occupationally exposed to microwave radiation in frequencies of 6-12 GHz   VIEW
    Dmoch A, Moszczynski P,
    Med Pr 49(1):45-49, 1998

    [N] The 1.5 GHz electromagnetic near-field used for cellular phones does not promote rat liver carcinogenesis in a medium-term liver bioassay.   VIEW
    Imaida K, Taki M, Watanabe S, Wake K, Kamimura Y, Ito T, Yamaguchi T, Ito N, Shirai T
    Jpn J Cancer Res 89(10):995-1002, 1998

    [N] Ultra-wideband electromagnetic pulses: lack of effects on heart rate and blood pressure during two-minute exposures of rats.   VIEW
    Jauchem JR, Seaman RL, Lehnert HM, Mathur SP, Ryan KL, Frei MR, Hurt WD
    Bioelectromagnetics 19(5): 330-333, 1998

    [N] Effects of pulsed high-frequency electromagnetic fields on the neuroendocrine system.   VIEW
    Mann K, Wagner P, Brunn G, Hassan F, Hiemke C, Roschke J
    Neuroendocrinology 67(2):139-144, 1998

    [Y] Cellular telephone use and excreton of a urinary melatonin metabolite.   VIEW
    Burch JB, Reif JS, Pitrat CA, Keele TJ, Yost MG,
    Abstract of the Annual Review of Research on Biological Effects of Electric and Magnetic Fields from the Generation, Delivery & Use of Electricity, San Diego, CA, 1997,

    [Y] The effects of 3000 MHz microwave irradiation on electroencephalic energy and energy metabolism in mouse brain.   VIEW
    Pu JS, Chen J, Yang YH, Bai YQ
    Electro-and Magneto-biology 16:243-247, 1997

    [N] The effects of 3000 MHz microwave irradiation on electroencephalic energy and energy metabolism in mouse brains   VIEW
    Pu JS, Chen J, Yang YH, Bai YQ
    Electro-and Magnetobiology 16:243-247, 1997

    [Y] Absence of chronic effect of exposure to short-wave radio broadcast signal on salivary melatonin concentrations in dairy cattle   VIEW
    Stark KD, Krebs T, Altpeter E, Manz B, Griot C, Abelin T,
    J Pineal Res 22(4):171-176, 1997

    [Y] Effect of global system for mobile communication microwave exposure on the genomic response of the rat brain.   VIEW
    Fritze K, Wiessner C, Kuster N, Sommer C, Gass P, Hermann DM, Kiessling M, Hossmann KA,
    Neuroscience 81(3):627-639, 1997

    [Y] Exposure of nerve growth factor-treated PC12 rat pheochromocytoma cells to a modulated radiofrequency field at 836.55 MHz: effects on c-jun and c-fos expression.   VIEW
    Ivaschuk OI, Jones RA, Ishida-Jones T, Haggren W, Adey WR, Phillips JL,
    Bioelectromagnetics 18(3):223-229, 1997

    [N] No short-term effects of high-frequency electromagnetic fields on the mammalian pineal gland   VIEW
    Vollrath L, Spessert R, Kratzsch T, Keiner M, Hollmann H
    Bioelectromagnetics 18(5):376-387, 1997

    [Y] Effect of GSM microwave exposure on the genomic response of the rat brain.   VIEW
    Fritze K, Wiessner C, Kuster N, Sommer C, Gass P, Hermann DM, Klessing M, Hossmann KA,
    Neuroscience 81: 627-639 1997

    [Y] Effect of global system for mobile communication (GSM) microwave exposure on BBB permeability in rat.   VIEW
    Fritze K, Sommer C, Schmitz B, Mies G, Hossmann KA, Kiessling M, Wiessner C,
    Acta Neuropathol (Berl) 94(5):465-470, 1997

    [Y] Environmental-health aspects of pulse-modulated microwaves   VIEW
    Neshev NN, Kirilova EI
    Rev Environ Health 11(1-2):85-88, 1996

    [N] Experimental research on the biological action of the pulse-modulated microwave radiation created by shipboard radar stations   VIEW
    Kaliada TV, Nikitina VN, Liashko GG, Masterova IIu, Shaposhnikova ES,
    Med Tr Prom Ekol (11):15-17, 1995

    [Y] Influence of microwaves on different types of receptors and the role of peroxidation of lipids on receptor-protein shedding.   VIEW
    Philippova TM, Novoselov VI, Alekseev SI,
    Bioelectromagnetics 15(3):183-192, 1994

    [N] Poly ADP ribosylation as a possible mechanism of microwave--biointeraction.   VIEW
    Singh N, Rudra N, Bansal P, Mathur R, Behari J, Nayar U,
    Indian J Physiol Pharmacol 38(3):181-184, 1994

    [N] Effect of microwave radiation on permeability of liposomes. Evidence against non-thermal leakage.   VIEW
    Bergqvist B, Arvidsson L, Pettersson E, Galt S, Saalman E, Hamnerius Y, Norden B,
    Biochim Biophys Acta 1201(1):51-54, 1994

    [Y] Frequency-dependent alterations in enolase activity in Escherichia coli caused by exposure to electric and magnetic fields.   VIEW
    Dutta SK, Verma M, Blackman CF,
    Bioelectromagnetics 15(5):377-383, 1994

    [Y] Changes in drug pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics under the influence of microwaves of different ranges   VIEW
    Ulashchik VS
    Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult 4):1-6, 1993

    [N] Dose dependence of acetylcholinesterase activity in neuroblastoma cells exposed to modulated radio-frequency electromagnetic radiation.   VIEW
    Dutta SK, Das K, Ghosh B, Blackman CF
    Bioelectromagnetics 13(4):317-322, 1992

    [Y] Opioid receptor subtypes that mediate a microwave-induced decrease in central cholinergic activity in the rat.   VIEW
    Lai H, Carino MA, Horita A, Guy AW,
    Bioelectromagnetics 13(3):237-246, 1992

    [Y] Microwave-specific heating affects gene expression.   VIEW
    Saffer JD, Profenno LA,
    Bioelectromagnetics 13(1):75-78, 1992

    [Y] Single vs. repeated microwave exposure: effects on benzodiazepine receptors in the brain of the rat.   VIEW
    Lai H, Carino MA, Horita A, Guy AW,
    Bioelectromagnetics 13(1):57-66, 1992

    [Y] The participation of thyroid hormones in modifying the mutagenic effect of microwaves   VIEW
    Koveshnikova IV, Antipenko EN
    Radiobiologiia 31(1):147-149, 1991

    [Y] Microwave exposure alters the expression of 2-5A-dependent RNase   VIEW
    Krause D, Mullins JM, Penafiel LM, Meister R, Nardone RM,
    Radiat Res 127(2):164-170, 1991

    [Y] Naltrexone pretreatment blocks microwave-induced changes in central cholinergic receptors.   VIEW
    Lai H, Carino MA, Wen YF, Horita A, Guy AW,
    Bioelectromagnetics 12(1):27-33, 1991

    [Y] Effect of 2.45 GHz microwave radiation on permeability of unilamellar liposomes to 5(6)-carboxyfluorescein   VIEW
    Saalman E, Norden B, Arvidsson L, Hamnerius Y, Hojevik P, Connell KE, Kurucsev T,
    Biochim Biophys Acta 1064(1):124-130, 1991

    [Y] Antibody responses of mice exposed to low-power microwaves under combined, pulse-and-amplitude modulation   VIEW
    Veyret B, Bouthet C, Deschaux P, de Seze R, Geffard M, Joussot-Dubien J, le Diraison M, Moreau JM, Caristan A,
    Bioelectromagnetics 12(1):47-56, 1991

    [N] Absence of a synergistic effect between moderate-power radio-frequency electromagnetic radiation and adriamycin on cell-cycle progression and sister-chromatid exchange.   VIEW
    Ciaravino V, Meltz ML, Erwin DN,
    Bioelectromagnetics 12(5):289-298, 1991

    [N] Effect of chronic microwave radiation on T cell-mediated immunity in the rabbit.   VIEW
    Nageswari KS, Sarma KR, Rajvanshi VS, Sharan R, Sharma M, Barathwal V, Singh V
    Int J Biometeorol 35(2):92-97, 1991

    [Y] Effects of pre-and post-natal pulse microwave irradiation on developing mice   VIEW
    Chiang H, Wang XH, Yao GD, Cheng GZ, Yang QE, Zhou SY, Lou Y
    Chen J Bio Med Engineering 7:63-68, 1988

    [Y] Study on the effects of microwave irradiation on ultramicrostructure of hypothalamus in mice.   VIEW
    Yao GD, Chiang H
    Radiation Protection 5:191-195, 1985

    [Y] Microwave enhancement of membrane conductance: effects of EDTA, caffeine and tetracaine   VIEW
    Arber SL, Lin JC
    Physiol Chem Phys Med NMR. 1984;16(6):469-75. 1984

    [Y] Effects of microwave exposure at various power densities on mitochondrial enzymes in mouse brain.   VIEW
    Chiang H, Yao GD, Zhou SY
    J Bioelectricity 3:361-366, 1984

Note: Some of the above research has produced results which suggest long-term use of cellphones could be harmful, and some has produced no results. Note that finding some effect does not necessarily mean that the effect is adverse to humans, or that it is potentially harmful. The body has good repair mechanisms. Of course it does suggest that more research is probably urgently needed to find out what it does signify.

ABSTRACTS INDEX