EMF Health-effects Research
Exposure to GSM alters gene expression, proliferation, and morphology of human skin fibroblasts.
Pacini S, Ruggiero M, Sardi I, Aterini S, Gulisano F, Gulisano M.
Oncol Res 13(1):19-24, 2002
Exposure to global system for mobile communication (GSM) cellular phone radiofrequency alters gene expression, proliferation, and morphology of human skin fibroblasts.
Human skin fibroblasts were exposed to global system for mobile communication (GSM) cellular phone radiofrequency for 1 h.
GSM exposure induced alterations in cell morphology and increased the expression of mitogenic signal transduction genes (e.g., MAP kinase kinase 3, G2/mitotic-specific cyclin G1), cell growth inhibitors (e.g., transforming growth factor-beta), and genes controlling apoptosis (e.g., bax).
A significant increase in DNA synthesis and intracellular mitogenic second messenger formation matched the high expression of MAP kinase family genes. These findings show that these electromagnetic fields have significant biological effects on human skin fibroblasts.