EMF Health-effects Research
Effects of a 2450 MHz high-frequency electromagnetic field with a wide range of SARs on the induction of heat-shock proteins in A172 cells,
Wang J, Koyama S, Komatsubara Y, Suzuki Y, Taki M, Miyakoshi J
Bioelectromagnetics, 27(6):479-486, 2006
In this study, we investigated whether exposure to 2450 MHz high-frequency electromagnetic fields (HF EMFs) could act as an environmental insult to evoke a stress response in A172 cells, using HSP70 and HSP27 as stress markers.
The cells were exposed to a 2450 MHz HF EMF with a wide range of specific absorption rates (SARs: 5-200 W/kg) or sham conditions.
Because exposure to 2450 MHz HFEMF at 50-200 W/kg SAR causes temperature increases in culture medium, appropriate heat control groups (38-44 degrees C) were also included.
The expression of HSP 70 and HSP 27, as well as the level of phosphorylated HSP 27 ((78)Ser) (p-HSP27), was determined by Western blotting.
Our results showed that the expression of HSP 70 increased in a time and dose-dependent manner at >50 W/kg SAR for 1-3 h. A similar effect was also observed in corresponding heat controls. There was no significant change in HSP 27 expression caused by HF EMF at 5-200 W/kg or by comparable heating for 1-3 h. However, HSP 27 phosphorylation increased transiently at 100 and 200 W/kg to a greater extent than at 40-44 degrees C. Phosphorylation of HSP 27 reached a maximum after 1 h exposure at 100 W/kg HF EMF.
Our results suggest that exposure to a 2450 MHz HF EMF has little or no apparent effect on HSP70 and HSP27 expression, but it may induce a transient increase in HSP27 Phosphorylation in A172 cells at very high SAR (>100 W/kg).