EMF Health-effects Research

The effect of 50 Hz magnetic field on GCSmRNA expression in lymphoma B cell by mRNA differential display.

Wu RY, Chiang H, Hu GL, Zeng QL, Bao JL

J Cell Biochem Dec 1;79(3):460-470 2000

Microwave Lab, Medical College, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310031, P.R. China.

Magnetic fields (MFs) of various characteristics can lead to plethora effects in biological system. From a molecular point of view, we hypothesized that there must be a fundamental difference in gene expression between the MF exposed and the unexposed cell.

To identify the classes of genes that are regulated, 0.8 mT 50 Hz MF-induced changes in gene expression were examined in a Daudi cell culture using differential display and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. A candidate cDNA (signatured as MF-CB) that was observed in the sham-exposed but not in MF-exposed cultures was recovered and reamplified. After verification by Northern blot, the cDNA was cloned and sequenced.

It was found that 254-base pair of 5'-end MF-CB cDNA clone was identical to gcs in open reading frame (ORF) range.

Based on the preliminarily sequence, the prolonged length of 5'-end MF-CB cDNA was obtained by PCR amplification and its sequence analysis showed the same results as its original fragment.

In order to further determine whether MF-CB cDNA is from gcs, two Northern blots were probed with gcs and MF-CB cDNA, respectively, and the data revealed signals of the same size and expression pattern on the two probe filters, which demonstrated that MF-CB is an EST (expression sequence tag) of gcs. gcs is a gene, identified recently (GenBank accession number D89866), encoding ceramide glucosyltransferase (GCS), which has been implicated as a causal element in human cell growth and differentiation. In an additional experiment, time-dependent changes in the transcription of gcs induced by 0.8 mT MF were observed by Northern blot with a sharp and reproducible inhibition effect after 20 min exposure and a reduction after 20-24 h exposure.

The study demonstrates for the first time that 50 Hz MF can lead to changes in gcs transcription, which provides a new clue to elucidate the mechanism by which MF influence cell growth and differentiation. PMID: 10972983

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