EMF Health-effects Research
Induction of micronuclei in human lymphocytes exposed in vitro to microwave radiation.
Zotti-Martelli L, Peccatori M, Scarpato R, Migliore L,
Mutat Res 472(1-2):51-58, 2000
Increasing applications of electromagnetic fields are of great concern with regard to public health. Several in vitro studies have been conducted to detect effects of microwave exposure on the genetic material leading to negative or questionable results.
The micronucleus (MN) assay which is proved to be a useful tool for the detection of radiation exposure-induced cytogenetic damage was used in the present study to investigate the genotoxic effect of microwaves in human peripheral blood lymphocytes in vitro exposed in G(0) to electromagnetic fields with different frequencies (2.45 and 7.7GHz) and power density (10, 20 and 30mW/cm2 ) for three times (15, 30 and 60min).
The results showed for both radiation frequencies an induction of micronuclei as compared to the control cultures at a power density of 30mW/cm2 and after an exposure of 30 and 60min.
Our study would indicate that microwaves are able to cause cytogenetic damage in human lymphocytes mainly for both high power density and long exposure time.