EMF Health-effects Research
Qualitative enzyme histochemistry and microanalysis reveals changes in ultrastructural distribution of calcium and calcium-activated ATPases after microwave irradiation of the medial habenula
Kittel A, Siklos L, Thuroczy G, Somosy Z,
Acta Neuropathol (Berl) 92(4):362-368, 1996
The localization of calcium and calcium-activated ATPases was investigated electron microscopically in the medial habenula of mice after whole body irradiation with modulated microwaves.
In non-irradiated animals calcium-containing precipitates were seen in different subcellular compartments and were often localized on the luminal side of membranes of synaptic vesicles in nerve terminals.
At 1 h after 16-Hz modulated microwave irradiation, the number of synaptic vesicles containing calcium precipitates decreased, and reaction products appeared at new locations: in the synaptic clefts and on non-synaptic surfaces of the neuronal plasma membrane. This modified calcium distribution remained unchanged for 24 h following irradiation.
Calcium-activated "ecto" -localized ATPase was detected as a punctuated-linear distribution of the reaction product outlining whole areas of glial and neuronal plasma membrane in the habenula of control animals. This pattern did not change on microwave irradiation. However, a quercetin-sensitive "endo" -localized Ca++-ATPase activity appeared in some nerve terminals 24 h after irradiation. Thus, microwave irradiation can influence neuronal calcium homeostasis by inducing Ca++ redistribution across the plasma membrane and by modifying Ca++-ATPase activity.
However, no direct correlation between these effects could be demonstrated by the present study.