EMF Health-effects Research
Corticotropin-releasing factor antagonist blocks microwave- induced decreases in high-affinity choline uptake in the rat brain.
Lai H, Carino MA, Horita A, Guy AW
Brain-Res-Bull. 1990 Oct. 25(4). P 609-12. 1990
Acute (45-min) irradiation with pulsed low-level microwaves (2450-MHz, 2 microseconds pulses at 500 pps, average power density of 1 mW/cm2, whole-body average specific absorption rate of 0.6 W/kg) decreased sodium-dependent high-affinity choline uptake (HACU) activity in the frontal cortex and hippocampus of the rat.
These effects were blocked by pretreating the animals before exposure with intracerebroventricular injection of the specific corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) receptor antagonist, alpha-helical-CRF9-41 (25 micrograms). Similar injection of the antagonist had no significant effect on HACU in the brain of the sham-exposed rats.
These data suggest that low-level microwave irradiation activates CRF in the brain, which in turn causes the changes in central HACU.