EMF Health-effects Research
Intraseptal microinjection of beta-funaltrexamine blocked a microwave-induced decrease of hippocampal cholinergic activity in the rat
Lai H, Carino MA, Horita A, Guy AW,
Pharmacol Biochem Behav 53(3):613-616, 1994
Acute (45 min) exposure to pulsed (2 microseconds pulse width, 500 pulses per second) 2450-MHz microwaves at a power density of 1 mW/cm2 (whole body specific absorption rate 0.6 W/kg) microwaves caused a decrease in cholinergic activity in the hippocampus of the rat as measured by the sodium-dependent high-affinity choline uptake.
Microinjection of beta-funaltrexamine (1 microgram) into the septum before microwave exposure blocked this effect.
These data indicate that mu-opioid receptors in the septum mediate a microwave-induced decrease in cholinergic activity in the hippocampus and support our hypothesis that microwaves at a whole body SAR of 0.6 W/kg can activate endogenous opioids in the brain.