EMF Health-effect Research  

Index of Abstracts

HUMAN STUDIES



    • [Y]
 Red means sub-thermal effects were found (not always at significant levels).
    • [N]  The black indicates no EM effects were found.
    • [NA]
The cyan means ... Not applicable.

    [Y] Acute mobile phones exposure affects frontal cortex hemodynamics as evidenced by functional near-infrared spectroscopy   VIEW
    Curcio G, Ferrara M, Limongi T, Tempesta D, Di Sante G, De Gennaro L, Quaresima V, Ferrari M
    J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. Feb 25 2009

    [N] Preattentive auditory information processing under exposure to the 902 MHz GSM mobile phone electromagnetic field: A mismatch negativity (MMN) study.   VIEW
    Kwon MS, Kujala T, Huotilainen M, Shestakova A, Ntnen R, Hmlinen H
    Bioelectromagnetics. Jan 12 2009

    [Y] The effect of GSM-like ELF radiation on the alpha band of the human resting EEG.   VIEW
    Perentos N, Croft RJ, McKenzie RJ, Cvetkovic D, Cosic I
    Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc.;1:5680-5683. 2008

    [N] Physiological effects of RF exposure on hypersensitive people by a cell phone.   VIEW
    Kim DW, Lee JH, Ji HC, Kim SC, Nam KC, Cha EJ
    Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc.;1:2322-2325. 2008

    [Y] Cognitive and neurobiological alterations in electromagnetic hypersensitive patients: results of a case-control study.   VIEW
    Landgrebe M, Frick U, Hauser S, Langguth B, Rosner R, Hajak G, Eichhammer P
    Psychol Med. 38(12):1781-1791, 2008

    [N] Effects of weak mobile phone - electromagnetic fields (GSM, UMTS) on event related potentials and cognitive functions,   VIEW
    Kleinlogel H, Dierks T, Koenig T, Lehmann H, Minder A, Berz R
    Bioelectromagnetics, 29(6):488-497, 2008

    [Y] Effect of low frequency modulated microwave exposure on human EEG: individual sensitivity.   VIEW
    Hinrikus H, Bachmann M, Lass J, Karai D, Tuulik V
    Bioelectromagnetics. 29(7):527-538, 2008

    [Y] Effect of 7, 14 and 21 Hz modulated 450 MHz microwave radiation on human electroencephalographic rhythms.   VIEW
    Hinrikus H, Bachmann M, Lass J, Tomson R, Tuulik V,
    Int J Radiat Biol. 84(1):69-79, 2008

    [N] Influence of EMF Emitted by GSM-900 Cellular Telephones on the Circadian Patterns of Gonadal, Adrenal and Pituitary Hormones in Men.   VIEW
    Djeridane Y, Touitou Y, de Seze R
    Radiat Res. 169(3):337-343, 2008

    [Y] Mobile phone radiation might alter protein expression in human skin.   VIEW
    Karinen A, Heinavaara S, Nylund R, Leszczynski D
    BMC Genomics. Feb 11;9(1):77 2008

    [Y] Influence of Electromagnetic Fields Emitted by GSM-900 Cellular Telephones on the Circadian Patterns of Gonadal, Adrenal and Pituitary Hormones in Men.   VIEW
    Djeridane Y, Touitou Y, de Seze R
    Radiat Res. 169(3):337-343, 2008

    [N] Effects of weak mobile phone-Electromagnetic fields (GSM, UMTS) on event related potentials and cognitive functions,   VIEW
    Kleinlogel H, Dierks T, Koenig T, Lehmann H, Minder A, Berz R
    Bioelectromagnetics, Apr 17 2008

    [N] Nocebo as headache trigger: evidence from a sham-controlled provocation study with RF fields,   VIEW
    Stovner LJ, Oftedal G, Straume A, Johnsson A
    Acta Neurol Scand Suppl, 188:67-71, 2008

    [Y] The influence of the call with a mobile phone on heart rate variability parameters in healthy volunteers,   VIEW
    Andrzejak R, Poreba R, Poreba M, Derkacz A, Skalik R, Gac P, Beck B, Steinmetz-Beck A, Pilecki W
    Ind Health, 46(4):409-417, 2008

    [Y] Mobile phone exposure and spatial memory,   VIEW
    Wiholm C, Lowden A, Kuster N, Hillert L, Arnetz BB, Akerstedt T, Moffat SD
    Bioelectromagnetics, Sep 15 2008

    [Y] Effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic waves (RF-EMW) from cellular phones on human ejaculated semen: an in vitro pilot study.   VIEW
    Agarwal A, Desai NR, Makker K,Varghese A, Mouradi R, Sabanegh E, Sharma R
    Fertil Steril. Sep 18 2008

    [Y] GSM base stations: Short-term effects on well-being,   VIEW
    Augner C, Florian M, Pauser G, Oberfeld G, Hacker GW
    Bioelectromagnetics, Sep 19 2008

    [NA] Can evidence change belief? Reported mobile phone sensitivity following individual feedback of an inability to discriminate active from sham signals.   VIEW
    Nieto-Hernandez R, Rubin GJ, Cleare AJ, Weinman JA, Wessely S
    J Psychosom Res. 65(5):453-460, 2008

    [Y] Microwaves from UMTS/GSM mobile phones induce long-lasting inhibition of 53BP1/gamma-H2AX DNA repair foci in human lymphocytes.   VIEW
    Belyaev IY, Markov E, Hillert L, Malmgren LO, Persson BR
    Bioelectromagnetics. Oct 6 2008

    [N] Effects of twenty-minute 3G mobile phone irradiation on event related potential components and early gamma synchronization in auditory oddball paradigm.   VIEW
    Stefanics G, Thurczy G, Kellnyi L, Herndi I
    Neuroscience. 157(2):453-462, 2008

    [N] Effects of weak mobile Phone-Electromagnetic fields (GSM, UMTS) on well-being and resting EEG.   VIEW
    Kleinlogel H, Dierks T, Koenig T, Lehmann H, Minder A, Berz R
    Bioelectromagnetics. Apr 22 2008

    [Y] Cognitive function and symptoms in adults and adolescents in relation to rf radiation from UMTS base stations.   VIEW
    Riddervold IS, Pedersen GF, Andersen NT, Pedersen AD, Andersen JB, Zachariae R, Mlhave L, Sigsgaard T, Kjaergaard SK
    Bioelectromagnetics. 29(4):257-267, 2008

    [N] Mobile phone headache: a double blind, sham-controlled provocation study   VIEW
    Oftedal G, Straume A, Johnsson A, Stovner L
    Cephalalgia. Mar 14 2007

    [N] Pulsed and continuous wave mobile phone exposure over left versus right hemisphere: Effects on human cognitive function.   VIEW
    Haarala C, Takio F, Rintee T, Laine M, Koivisto M, Revonsuo A, Hamalainen H
    Bioelectromagnetics. Jan 3; 2007

    [Y] Effects of pulsed and continuous wave 902 MHz mobile phone exposure on brain oscillatory activity during cognitive processing.   VIEW
    Krause CM, Pesonen M, Haarala Bjornberg C, Hamalainen H
    Bioelectromagnetics. Jan 3; 2007

    [Y] Altered cortical excitability in subjectively electrosensitive patients: results of a pilot study.   VIEW
    Landgrebe M, Hauser S, Langguth B, Frick U, Hajak G, Eichhammer P.
    J Psychosom Res. 62(3):283-288, 2007

    [Y] Altered cortical excitability in subjectively electrosensitive patients: results of a pilot study.   VIEW
    Landgrebe M, Hauser S, Langguth B, Frick U, Hajak G, Eichhammer P.
    J Psychosom Res. 62(3):283-288, 2007

    [Y] Adaptation of human brain bioelectrical activity to low-level microwave.   VIEW
    Bachmann M, Rubljova J, Lass J, Tomson R, Tuulik V, Hinrikus H,
    Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 4747-4750, 2007

    [N] Influence of a 902.4 MHz GSM signal on the human visual system: Investigation of the discrimination threshold.   VIEW
    Irlenbusch L, Bartsch B, Cooper J, Herget I, Marx B, Raczek J, Thoss F
    Bioelectromagnetics. Jul 24; 2007

    [N] Effects of high frequency electromagnetic field (EMF) emitted by mobile phones on the human motor cortex.   VIEW
    Inomata-Terada S, Okabe S, Arai N, Hanajima R, Terao Y, Frubayashi T, Ugawa Y
    Bioelectromagnetics. May 21; 2007

    [N] Effects of thirty-minute mobile phone exposure on saccades.   VIEW
    Terao Y, Okano T, Furubayashi T, Yugeta A, Inomata-Terada S, Ugawa Y
    Clin Neurophysiol. 118(7):1545-1556, 2007

    [Y] Evaluation of the effect of using mobile phones on male fertility   VIEW
    Wdowiak A, Wdowiak L, Wiktor H
    Ann Agric Environ Med. 14(1):169-172, 2007

    [N] The effect of GSM and TETRA mobile handset signals on blood pressure, catechol levels and heart rate variability.   VIEW
    Barker AT, Jackson PR, Parry H, Coulton LA, Cook GG, Wood SM
    Bioelectromagnetics. May 7; 2007

    [N] Effects of mobile phone electromagnetic fields on an auditory order threshold task.   VIEW
    Cinel C, Boldini A, Russo R, Fox E
    Bioelectromagnetics. May 10 2007

    [Y] Mobile phone 'talk-mode' signal delays EEG-determined sleep onset.   VIEW
    Hung CS, Anderson C, Horne JA, McEvoy P
    Neurosci Lett. May 24 2007

    [Y] Effect of cell phone usage on semen analysis in men attending infertility clinic: an observational study.   VIEW
    Agarwal A, Deepinder F, Sharma RK, Ranga G, Li J.
    Fertil Steril. May 3 2007

    [N] Effects of cellular phone use on ear canal temperature measured by NTC thermistors   VIEW
    Tahvanainen K, Nino J, Halonen P, Kuusela T, Alanko T , Laitinen T , Lansimies E, Hietanen M, Lindholm H
    Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 27(3):162-172, 2007

    [Y] Mobile phone emission modulates interhemispheric functional coupling of EEG alpha rhythms.   VIEW
    Vecchio F, Babiloni C, Ferreri F, Curcio G, Fini R, Del Percio C, Rossini PM
    Eur J Neurosci. 25(6):1908-1913, 2007

    [N] Short GSM mobile phone exposure does not alter human auditory brainstem response.   VIEW
    Stefanics G, Kellenyi L, Molnar F, Kubinyi G, Thuroczy G, Hernadi I
    BMC Public Health. Nov 12;7(1):325 2007

    [N] Effects of GSM Cellular Phones on Human Hearing:   VIEW
    Parazzini M, Brazzale AR, Paglialonga A, Tognola G, Collet L, Moulin A, Lutman ME, Bell SL, Thomas NA, Uloziene I, Uloza V, Thuroczy G, Tavartkiladze G, Tsalighopoulos M, Kyriafinis G, Ravazzani P
    Radiat Res. 168(5):608-613, 2007

    [N] No effect of an UMTS mobile phone-like electromagnetic field of 1.97 GHz on human attention and reaction time.   VIEW
    Unterlechner M, Sauter C, Schmid G, Zeitlhofer J
    Bioelectromagnetics. Oct 23; 2007

    [N] Mobile telephone use effects on peripheral audiovestibular function: A case-control study.   VIEW
    Bamiou DE, Ceranic B, Cox R, Watt H, Chadwick P, Luxon LM.
    Bioelectromagnetics. Oct 10; 2007

    [Y] The effect of mobile phone electromagnetic fields on the alpha rhythm of human electroencephalogram   VIEW
    Croft RJ, Hamblin DL, Spong J, Wood AW, McKenzie RJ, Stough C.
    Bioelectromagnetics. Sep 4; 2007

    [N] Effects of mobile phone exposure on time frequency fine structure of transiently evoked otoacoustic emissions.   VIEW
    Paglialonga A, Tognola G, Parazzini M, Lutman ME, Bell SL, Thuroczy G, Ravazzani P.
    J Acoust Soc Am. 122(4):2174-2182, 2007

    [Y] Pulsed radio-frequency electromagnetic fields: dose-dependent effects on sleep, the sleep EEG and cognitive performance.   VIEW
    Regel SJ, Tinguely G, Schuderer J, Adam M, Kuster N, Landolt HP, Achermann P.
    J Sleep Res. 16(3):253-258, 2007

    [N] Comparison of the effects of continuous and pulsed mobile phone like RF exposure on the human EEG.   VIEW
    Perentos N, Croft RJ, McKenzie RJ, Cvetkovic D, Cosic I
    Australas Phys Eng Sci Med. 30(4):274-280, 2007

    [N] Psychomotor performance is not influenced by brief repeated exposures to mobile phones.   VIEW
    Curcio G, Valentini E, Moroni F, Ferrara M, De Gennaro L, Bertini M
    Bioelectromagnetics. Dec 28 2007

    [N] Pulsed and continuous wave mobile phone exposure over left versus right hemisphere: Effects on human cognitive function,   VIEW
    Haarala C, Takio F, Rintee T, Laine M, Koivisto M, Revonsuo A, Hamalainen H
    Bioelectromagnetics, Jan 3; 2007

    [Y] Effects of pulsed and continuous wave 902 MHz mobile phone exposure on brain oscillatory activity during cognitive processing,   VIEW
    Krause CM, Pesonen M, Haarala Bjornberg C, Hamalainen H
    Bioelectromagnetics, Jan 3; 2007

    [N] Mobile phone headache: a double blind, sham-controlled provocation study,   VIEW
    Oftedal G, Straume A, Johnsson A, Stovner L
    Cephalalgia, Mar 14; 2007

    [Y] Acute mobile phone effects on pre-attentive operation.   VIEW
    Papageorgiou CC, Nanou ED, Tsiafakis VG, Kapareliotis E, Kontoangelos KA, Capsalis CN, Rabavilas AD, Soldatos CR.
    Neurosci Lett. Jan 4; 2006

    [Y] Effects of intensive and moderate cellular phone use on hearing function.   VIEW
    Oktay MF, Dasdag S
    Electromagn Biol Med. 25(1):13-21, 2006

    [Y] Does evening exposure to mobile phone radiation affect subsequent melatonin production?   VIEW
    Wood A, Loughran S, Stough C
    Int. J. Rad. Biol 82:69-76, 2006

    [N] Mobile phone affects cerebral blood flow in humans.   VIEW
    Aalto S, Haarala C, Bruck A, Sipila H, Hamalainen H, Rinne JO
    J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. Feb 22; 2006

    [Y] Effect of electromagnetic fields emitted by cellular phones on the latency of evoked electrodermal activity   VIEW
    Esen F, Esen H
    Int J Neurosci. 116(3):321-329, 2006

    [N] Cytogenetic investigation of subjects professionally exposed to radiofrequency radiation.   VIEW
    Maes A, Van Gorp U, Verschaeve L.
    Mutagenesis. Feb 15; 2006

    [Y] Integration of differences in EEG analysis reveals changes in human EEG caused by microwave.   VIEW
    Bachmann M, Lass J, Kalda J, Skki M, Tomson R, Tuulik V, Hinrikus H
    Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 1:1597-1600, 2006

    [Y] Mobile phone emissions and human brain excitability.   VIEW
    Ferreri F , Curcio G, Pasqualetti P, De Gennaro L, Fini R, Rossini PM
    Ann Neurol. Jun 26; 2006

    [Y] Mobile phone affects cerebral blood flow in humans.   VIEW
    Aalto S, Haarala C, Bruck A, Sipila H, Hamalainen H, Rinne JO
    J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 26(7):885-890, 2006

    [Y] Effects of RF exposure of teenagers and adults by CDMA cellular phones.   VIEW
    Nam KC, Kim SW, Kim SC, Kim DW
    Bioelectromagnetics. May 26; 2006

    [Y] Short-term effects of GSM mobiles phones on spectral components of the human electroencephalogram.   VIEW
    Faucon G, Le Bouquin Jeannes R, Maby E.
    Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. ;1(1):3751-3754. 2006

    [Y] Short-term effects of GSM mobiles phones on spectral components of the human electroencephalogram.   VIEW
    Faucon G, Le Bouquin Jeannes R, Maby E.
    Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. ;1(1):3751-3754., 2006

    [Y] Electromagnetic fields produced by GSM cellular phones and heart rate variability,   VIEW
    Parazzini M, Ravazzani P, Tognola G, Thuroczy G, Molnar FB, Sacchettini A, Ardesi G, Mainardi LT
    Bioelectromagnetics, Sep 26; 2006

    [N] Effects of thirty-minute mobile phone use on visuo-motor reaction time,   VIEW
    Terao Y, Okano T, Furubayashi T, Ugawa Y
    Clin Neurophysiol, Sep 25; 2006

    [Y] Effects of RF exposure of teenagers and adults by CDMA cellular phones   VIEW
    Nam KC, Kim SW, Kim SC, Kim DW
    .Bioelectromagnetics. 27(7):509-514, 2006

    [Y] Mobile phone emissions and human brain excitability.   VIEW
    Ferreri F, Curcio G, Pasqualetti P, De Gennaro L, Fini R, Rossini PM.
    Ann Neurol. Jun 26; 2006

    [Y] Mobile phone effects on children's event-related oscillatory EEG during an auditory memory task,   VIEW
    Krause CM, Bjornberg CH, Pesonen M, Hulten A, Liesivuori T, Koivisto M, Revonsuo A, Laine M, Hamalainen H
    Int J Radiat Biol, 82(6):443-450, 2006

    [Y] UMTS Base Station-like Exposure, Well-Being, and Cognitive Performance,   VIEW
    Regel SJ, Negovetic S, Roosli M, Berdinas V, Schuderer J, Huss A, Lott U, Kuster N, Achermann P
    Environ Health Perspect, 114(8):1270-1275, 2006

    [Y] Scalp localization of human auditory cortical activity modified by GSM electromagnetic fields   VIEW
    Maby E, Jeannes Rle B, Faucon G
    Int J Radiat Biol, 82(7):465-472, 2006

    [Y] Variations of melatonin and stress hormones under extended shifts and radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation.   VIEW
    Vangelova KK, Israel MS
    Rev Environ Health. 20(2):151-161, 2005

    [Y] Is the brain influenced by a phone call? An EEG study of resting wakefulness.   VIEW
    Curcio G, Ferrara M, Moroni F, D'Inzeo G, Bertini M, De Gennaro L.
    Neurosci Res. Aug 12; 2005

    [Y] Is there a relationship between cell phone use and semen quality?   VIEW
    Fejes I, Za Vaczki Z, Szollosi J, Kolosza R S, Daru J, Kova Cs L, Pa LA
    rch Androl. 51(5):385-393, 2005

    [Y] Effects of fexofenadine and hydroxyzine on brake reaction time during car-driving with cellular phone use.   VIEW
    Tashiro M, Horikawa E, Mochizuki H, Sakurada Y, Kato M, Inokuchi T, Ridout F, Hindmarch I, Yanai K.
    Hum Psychopharmacol. Aug 5; 2005

    [N] Electromagnetic field emitted by 902 MHz mobile phones shows no effects on children's cognitive function   VIEW
    Haarala C, Bergman M, Laine M, Revonsuo A, Koivisto M, Hamalainen H
    Bioelectromagnetics. Jul 29; 2005

    [N] Influence on the mechanisms of generation of distortion product otoacoustic emissions of mobile phone exposure.   VIEW
    Parazzini M, Bell S, Thuroczy G, Molnar F, Tognola G, Lutman ME, Ravazzani P.
    Hear Res. Jul 26 2005

    [Y] Subjective symptoms related to mobile phone use   VIEW
    Szyjkowska A, Bortkiewicz A, Szymczak W, Makowiec-Dabrowska T.
    Pol Merkuriusz Lek. 19(112):529-532, 2005

    [N] Does acute exposure to mobile phones affect human attention?   VIEW
    Russo R, Fox E, Cinel C, Boldini A, Defeyter MA, Mirshekar-Syahkal D, Mehta A
    Bioelectromagnetics. Nov 22; 2005

    [Y] Effects of radiofrequency radiation emitted by cellular telephones on the cognitive functions of humans.   VIEW
    Eliyahu I, Luria R, Hareuveny R, Margaliot M, Meiran N, Shani G
    Bioelectromagnetics. Nov 22; 2005

    [Y] Psychophysiological tests and provocation of subjects with mobile phone related symptoms   VIEW
    Wilen J, Johansson A, Kalezic N, Lyskov E, Sandstrom M
    Bioelectromagnetics. Nov 22; 2005

    [Y] The effect of electromagnetic fields emitted by mobile phones on human sleep.   VIEW
    Loughran SP, Wood AW, Barton JM, Croft RJ, Thompson B, Stough C.
    Neuroreport. 16(17):1973-1976, 2005

    [Y] Kerekhanjanarong V, Supiyaphun P, Naratricoon J, Laungpitackchumpon P.   VIEW
    The effect of mobile phone to audiologic system.
    J Med Assoc Thai. Sep;88 Suppl 4:S231-234. 2005

    [Y] Study of effects of low level microwave field by method of face masking,   VIEW
    Rodina A, Lass J, Riipulk J, Bachmann T, Hinrikus H,
    Bioelectromagnetics, 26(7):571-577, 2005

    [Y] Non-linear analysis of the electroencephalogram for detecting effects of low-level electromagnetic fields,   VIEW
    Bachmann M, Kalda J, Lass J, Tuulik V, Skki M, Hinrikus H,
    Med Biol Eng Comput, 43(1):142-149, 2005

    [N] Investigation of potential effects of cellular phones on human auditory function by means of distortion product otoacoustic emissions.   VIEW
    Janssen T, Boege P, von Mikusch-Buchberg J, Raczek J.
    J Acoust Soc Am. 117(3 Pt 1):1241-1247, 2005

    [Y] Effect of 902 MHz mobile phone transmission on cognitive function in children.   VIEW
    Preece AW, Goodfellow S, Wright MG, Butler SR, Dunn EJ, Johnson Y, Manktelow TC, Wesnes K.
    Bioelectromagnetics. Jun 1; 2005

    [NA] Skin temperature increase caused by a mobile phone: A methodological infrared camera study.   VIEW
    Straume A, Oftedal G, Johnsson A.
    Bioelectromagnetics. Jun 1; 2005

    [Y] Effects of GSM signals on auditory evoked responses   VIEW
    Maby E, Jeannes RL, Faucon G, Liegeois-Chauvel C, De Seze R.
    Bioelectromagnetics. May 10; 2005

    [N] Assessment of potential effects of the electromagnetic fields of mobile phones on hearing. BMC Public Health.   VIEW
    Uloziene I, Uloza V, Gradauskiene E, Saferis V.
    BMC Public Health. 5(1):39, 2005

    [N] No influence on selected parameters of human visual perception of 1970 MHz UMTS-like exposure.   VIEW
    Schmid G, Sauter C, Stepansky R, Lobentanz IS, Zeitlhofer J
    Bioelectromagnetics. 26(4):243-250, 2005

    [Y] Exposure to pulse-modulated radio frequency electromagnetic fields affects regional cerebral blood flow   VIEW
    Huber R, Treyer V, Schuderer J, Berthold T, Buck A, Kuster N, Landolt HP, Achermann P
    Eur J Neurosci. 21(4):1000-1006, 2005

    [N] Can mobile phone emissions affect auditory functions of cochlea or brain stem?   VIEW
    Sievert U, Eggert S, Pau HW.
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 132(3):451-455, 2005

    [N] No effect on cognitive function from daily mobile phone use   VIEW
    Besset A, Espa F, Dauvilliers Y, Billiard M, de Seze R.
    Bioelectromagnetics. 26(2):102-108, 2005

    [NA] Effects of prolonged wakefulness combined with alcohol and hands-free cell phone divided attention tasks on simulated driving.   VIEW
    Iudice A, Bonanni E, Gelli A, Frittelli C, Iudice G, Cignoni F, Ghicopulos I, Murri L.
    Hum Psychopharmacol. Jan 13 2005

    [N] Can electromagnetic fields emitted by mobile phones stimulate the vestibular organ?   VIEW
    Pau HW, Sievert U, Eggert S, Wild W.
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 132(1):43-49, 2005

    [Y] A survey study on some neurological symptoms and sensations experienced by long term users of mobile phones.   VIEW
    Balikci K, Cem Ozcan I, Turgut-Balik D, Balik HH.
    Pathol Biol (Paris). 53(1):30-34, 2005

    [NA] Factors influencing the use of cellular (mobile) phone during driving and hazards while using it.   VIEW
    Poysti L, Rajalin S, Summala H.
    Accid Anal Prev. 37(1):47-51, 2005

    [N] Hands-free mobile phone conversation impairs the peripheral visual system to an extent comparable to an alcohol level of 4-5 g 100 ml.   VIEW
    Langer P, Holzner B, Magnet W, Kopp M
    Hum Psychopharmacol. 20(1):65-66, 2005

    [N] Image content influences men's semen quality,   VIEW
    Kilgallon SJ, Simmons LW
    Biol Lett, 1(3):253-255, 2005

    [Y] The effect of mobile phone to audiologic system,   VIEW
    Kerekhanjanarong V, Supiyaphun P, Naratricoon J, Laungpitackchumpon P
    J Med Assoc Thai, Sep;88 Suppl 4:S231-234 2005

    [Y] Time-course of electromagnetic field effects on human performance and tympanic temperature.   VIEW
    Curcio G, Ferrara M, De Gennaro L, Cristiani R, D'Inzeo G, Bertini M.
    Neuroreport. 15(1):161-164, 2004

    [Y] Nonthermal GSM microwaves affect chromatin conformation in human lymphocytes similar to heat shock   VIEW
    Sarimov R, Malmgren L.O.G., Markova, E., Persson, B.R.R.. Belyaev, I.Y.
    IEEE Trans Plasma Sci 32:1600-1608, 2004

    [Y] Association of mobile phone radiation with fatigue, headache, dizziness, tension and sleep disturbance in Saudi population.   VIEW
    Al-Khlaiwi T, Meo SA.
    Saudi Med J. 25(6):732-736, 2004

    [N] Is cochlear outer hair cell function affected by mobile telephone radiation?   VIEW
    Monnery PM, Srouji EI, Bartlett J
    Clin Otolaryngol 29(6):747-749, 2004

    [Y] Gender related differences on the EEG during a simulated mobile phone signal.   VIEW
    Papageorgiou CC, Nanou ED, Tsiafakis VG, Capsalis CN, Rabavilas AD
    Neuroreport. 15(16):2557-2560, 2004

    [N] Analysis of auditory evoked potential parameters in the presence of radiofrequency fields using a support vector machines method.   VIEW
    Maby E, Le Bouquin Jeannes R, Liegeois-Chauvel C, Gourevitch B, Faucon G
    Med Biol Eng Comput. 42(4):562-568, 2004

    [Y] Changes in human EEG caused by low level modulated microwave stimulation.   VIEW
    Hinrikus H, Parts M, Lass J, Tuulik V.
    Bioelectromagnetics. 25(6):431-440, 2004

    [N] 902 MHz mobile phone does not affect short term memory in humans.   VIEW
    Haarala C, Ek M, Bjornberg L, Laine M, Revonsuo A, Koivisto M, Hamalainen H
    Bioelectromagnetics. 25(6):452-456, 2004

    [Y] Perceptual and attentional effects on drivers' speed selection at curves.   VIEW
    Charlton SG
    Accid Anal Prev. 36(5):877-884, 2004

    [Y] Visual field attention is reduced by concomitant hands-free conversation on a cellular telephone.   VIEW
    Barkana Y, Zadok D, Morad Y, Avni I.
    Ophthalmol. 138(3):347-353, 2004

    [Y] Laughter counteracts enhancement of plasma neurotrophin levels and allergic skin wheal responses by mobile phone-mediated stress.   VIEW
    Kimata H.
    Behav Med. 29(4):149-152, 2004

    [Y] Perceptual and attentional effects on drivers' speed selection at curves.   VIEW
    Charlton SG
    Accid Anal Prev. 36(5):877-884, 2004

    [Y] Effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields on cognitive processes - a pilot study on pulsed field interference with cognitive regeneration.   VIEW
    Maier R, Greter SE, Maier N
    Acta Neurol Scand. 110(1):46-52, 2004

    [NA] Mobile phones, web chat, and sex among Norwegian adolescents   VIEW
    Pedersen W
    Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 124(13-14):1756-1759, 2004

    [N] 902 MHz mobile phone does not affect short term memory in humans   VIEW
    Haarala C, Ek M, Bjornberg L, Laine M, Revonsuo A, Koivisto M, Hamalainen H.
    Bioelectromagnetics. 25(6):452-456, 2004

    [Y] Effects of GSM electromagnetic field on the MEG during an encoding-retrieval task.   VIEW
    Hinrichs H, Heinze HJ
    Neuroreport. 15(7):1191-1194, 2004

    [N] Effect of electromagnetic field emitted by cellular phones on fetal heart rate patterns.   VIEW
    Celik O, Hascalik S
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 112(1):55-56, 2004

    [Y] Are thyroid dysfunctions related to stress or microwave exposure (900 MHz)?   VIEW
    Bergamaschi A, Magrini A, Ales G, Coppetta L, Somma G.
    Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol. 17(2 Suppl):31-36, 2004

    [Y] Cell phone use and visual attention.   VIEW
    Golden C, Golden CJ, Schneider B
    Percept Mot Skills. 97(2):385-389, 2003

    [Y] A Preliminary Study to Assess Possible Chromosomal Damage Among Users of Digital Mobile Phones.   VIEW
    Gadhia PK, Shah T, Mistry A, Pithawala M, Tamakuwala D
    Electromag Biol Med 22:149-159, 2003

    [N] Thirty minutes mobile phone use has no short-term adverse effects on central auditory pathways.   VIEW
    Arai N, Enomoto H, Okabe S, Yuasa K, Kamimura Y, Ugawa Y
    Clin Neurophysiol. 114(8):1390-394, 2003

    [Y] Mobile phone use facilitates memory in male, but not female, subjects.   VIEW
    Smythe JW, Costall B
    Neuroreport 14(2):243-246, 2003

    [Y] Non-ionizing electromagnetic radiations, emitted by a cellular phone, modify cutaneous blood flow.   VIEW
    Monfrecola G, Moffa G, Procaccini EM
    Dermatology. 207(1):10-14, 2003

    [Y] Effect of cellular telephone conversations and other potential interference on reaction time in a braking response.   VIEW
    Consiglio W, Driscoll P, Witte M, Berg WP
    Accid Anal Prev 35(4):495-500, 2003

    [N] Effect of a 902 MHz electromagnetic field emitted by mobile phones on human cognitive function: A replication study.   VIEW
    Haarala C, Bjornberg L, Ek M, Laine M, Revonsuo A, Koivisto M, Hamalainen H
    Bioelectromagnetics 24(4):283-288, 2003

    [Y] Radio frequency electromagnetic field exposure in humans: Estimation of SAR distribution in the brain, effects on sleep and heart rate.   VIEW
    Huber R, Schuderer J, Graf T, Jutz K, Borbely AA, Kuster N, Achermann P
    Bioelectromagnetics 24(4):262-276, 2003

    [Y] Effects of the 1900 MHz Electromagnetic Field Emitted from Cellular Phone on Nocturnal Melatonin Secretion.   VIEW
    0Jarupat S, Kawabata A, Tokura H, Borkiewicz A
    J Physiol Anthropol Appl Human Sci 22(1):61-63, 2003

    [Y] Human brain wave activity during exposure to radiofrequency field emissions from mobile phones.   VIEW
    D'Costa H, Trueman G, Tang L, Abdel-rahman U, Abdel-rahman W, Ong K, Cosic I
    Australas Phys Eng Sci Med. 26(4):162-167, 2003

    [Y] A Preliminary Study to Assess Possible Chromosomal Damage Among Users of Digital Mobile Phones   VIEW
    Gadhia PK, Shah T, Mistry A, Pithawala M, Tamakuwala D.
    Electromag. Biol. Med. 22:149-159, 2003

    [N] Effects of the electromagnetic field of mobile telephones on hearing   VIEW
    Ozturan O, Erdem T, Miman MC, Kalcioglu MT, Oncel S.
    Acta Otolaryngol. 122(3):289-293, 2002

    [Y] Enhancement of allergic skin wheal responses by microwave radiation from mobile phones in patients with atopic eczema/dermatitis syndrome.   VIEW
    Kimata H
    Int Arch Allergy Immunol 129(4):348-350, 2002

    [Y] Acute mobile phone operation affects neural function in humans.   VIEW
    Croft R, Chandler J, Burgess A, Barry R, Williams J, Clarke A.
    Clin Neurophysiol 113(10):1623, 2002

    [Y] The acute effects of exposure to the electromagnetic field emitted by mobile phones on human attention   VIEW
    Edelstyn N, Oldershaw A
    Neuroreport 13(1):119-121, 2002

    [N] Influence of a RF EMF on Cardiovascular and Hormonal Parameters of the Autonomic Nervous System.   VIEW
    Braune, S., Riedel, A., Schulte-Monting, J. and Raczek, J.
    Radiat. Res. 158, 352-356 2002

    [Y] Electromagnetic fields, such as those from mobile phones, alter regional cerebral blood flow and sleep and waking EEG.   VIEW
    Huber R, Treyer V, Borbly AA, Schuderer J, Gottselig JM, Landolt H-P, Werth E, Berthold T, Kuster N, Buck A, Achermann P
    J Sleep Res 11: 289-295, 2002

    [Y] Turning gap acceptance decision-making: the impact of driver distraction.   VIEW
    Cooper PJ, Zheng Y
    J Safety Res 33(3):321-335, 2002

    [Y] Melatonin metabolite excretion among cellular telephone users.   VIEW
    Burch JB, Reif JS, Noonan CW, Ichinose T, Bachand AM, Koleber TL, Yost MG
    Int J Rad Biol 78: 1029-1036, 2002

    [Y] Effects of 7 Hz-modulated 450 MHz electromagnetic radiation on human performance in visual memory tasks.   VIEW
    Lass L, Tuulik V, Ferenets CR, Riisalo R, Hinrikus H
    Int. J. Rad. Biol. 78: 937-944, 2002

    [Y] The effect of low level radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation on the excretion rates of stress hormones in operators during 24-hour shifts.   VIEW
    Vangelova K, Israel M, Mihaylov S
    Cent Eur J Public Health 10(1-2):24-28, 2002

    [NA] Effects of manual versus voice-activated dialing during simulated driving.   VIEW
    Jenness JW, Lattanzio RJ, O'Toole M, Taylor N, Pax C
    Percept Mot Skills 94(2):363-379, 2002

    [N] The excretion of 6-hydroxymelatonin sulfate in healthy young men exposed to EMF.   VIEW
    Bortkiewicz A, Pilacik B, Gadzicka E, Szymczak W
    Neuroendocrinol Lett 23 Suppl 1:88-91, 2002

    [N] Hypersensitivity symptoms associated with exposure to cellular telephones: No causal link   VIEW
    Hietanen M, Hmlinen A-M, Husman T.
    Bioelectromagnetics 23:264-270, 2002

    [Y] Driven to distraction: dual-Task studies of simulated driving and conversing on a cellular telephone   VIEW
    Strayer DL, Johnston WA.
    Psychol Sci 12(6):462-466, 2001

    [Y] Electromagnetic field of mobile phones affects visual event related potential in patients with narcolepsy   VIEW
    Jech R, Sonka K, Růzicka E, Nebuzelsky A, Bohm J, Juklickov M, Nevsimalova S.
    Bioelectromagnetics 22(7):519-528, 2001

    [Y] Effects of electromagnetic fields produced by radiotelevision broadcasting stations on the immune system of women   VIEW
    Boscol P, Di Sciascio MB, D'Ostilio S, Del Signore A, Reale M, Conti P, Bavazzano P, Paganelli R, Di Gioacchino M.
    Sci Total Environ 273(1-3):1-10, 2001

    [Y] Symptoms experienced by users of digital cellular phones:   VIEW
    Santini R, Seigne M, Bonhomme-Faivre L, Bouffet S, Defrasne E, Sage M.
    Pathol Biol (Paris) 49(3):222-226, 2001

    [NA] Microwave sickness: a reappraisal.   VIEW
    Hocking B ,
    Occup Med (Lond) 51(1):66-69, 2001

    [Y] Effects of acute exposure to the radiofrequency fields of cellular phones on plasma lipid peroxide and antioxidase activities in human erythrocytes   VIEW
    Moustafa YM, Moustafa RM, Belacy A, Abou-El-Ela SH, Ali FM.
    J Pharm Biomed Anal 26(4):605-608, 2001

    [NA] Management of radiofrequency radiation overexposures   VIEW
    Hocking B,
    Aust Fam Physician 30(4):339-342, 2001

    [N] GSM phone signal does not produce subjective symptoms.   VIEW
    Koivisto M, Haarala C, Krause CM, Revonsuo A, Laine M, Hamalainen H,
    Bioelectromagnetics 22(3):212-515, 2001

    [Y] Investigation of brain potentials in sleeping humans exposed to the electromagnetic field of mobile phones.   VIEW
    Lebedeva NN, Sulimov AV, Sulimova OP, Korotkovskaya TI, Gailus T,
    Crit Rev Biomed Eng 29(1):125-133, 2001

    [Y] Effect on human attention of exposure to the electromagnetic field emitted by mobile phones   VIEW
    Lee TMC, Ho SMY, Tsang LYH, Yang SYC, Li LSW, Chan CCH,
    NeuroReport 12:729-731, 2001

    [NA] Local vasodilator response to mobile phones.   VIEW
    Paredi P, Kharitonov SA, Hanazawa T, Barnes PJ,
    Laryngoscope 111(1):159-162, 2001

    [Y] Combined effects of traffic and electromagnetic fields on the immune system of fertile atopic women.   VIEW
    Del Signore A, Boscolo P, Kouri S, Di Martino G, Giuliano G,
    Ind Health 38(3):294-300, 2000

    [N] Human brain activity during exposure to radiofrequency fields emitted by cellular phones   VIEW
    Hietanen M, Kovala T, Hamalainen AM,
    Scand J Work Environ Health 26(2):87-92, 2000

    [Y] Exposure to pulsed high-frequency electromagnetic field during waking affects human sleep EEG   VIEW
    Huber R, Graf T, Cote KA, Wittmann L, Gallmann E, Matter D, Schuderer J, Kuster N, Borbely AA, Achermann P,
    Neuroreport 11(15):3321-3325, 2000

    [Y] Effects of 902 MHz electromagnetic field emitted by cellular telephones on response times in humans.   VIEW
    Koivisto M, Revonsuo A, Krause C, Haarala C, Sillanmaki L, Laine M, Hamalainen H
    Neuroreport 11(2):413-415, 2000

    [Y] Effects of electromagnetic fields emitted by cellular phones on the electroencephalogram during a visual working memory task.   VIEW
    Krause CM, Sillanmaki L, Koivisto M, Haggqvist A, Saarela C, Revonsuo A, Laine M, Hamalainen H,
    Int J Radiat Biol 76(12):1659-1667, 2000

    [Y] Cellular phone electromagnetic field effects on bioelectric activity of human brain.   VIEW
    Lebedeva NN, Sulimov AV, Sulimova OP, Kotrovskaya TI, Gailus T,
    Crit Rev Biomed Eng 28(1-2):323-37, 2000

    [N] Human sleep EEG under the influence of pulsed radio frequency electromagnetic fields. results from polysomnographies using submaximal high power flux densities.   VIEW
    Wagner P, Roschke J, Mann K, Fell J, Hiller W, Frank C, Grozinger M,
    Neuropsychobiology 42(4):207-212, 2000

    [Y] Effects of electromagnetic field emitted by cellular phones on the EEG during a memory task.   VIEW
    Krause CM, Sillanmaki L, Koivisto M, Haggqvist A, Saarela C, Revonsuo A, Laine M,
    Neuroreport Mar 20;11(4):761-4 2000

    [NA] Energy Evaluation of MW effects on ACh receptor channels with parallel computing   VIEW
    Apollonio F, D'Inzeo G, Tarricone L.
    Electromag. Biol. Med. 19:69-79, 2000

    [Y] The effects of electromagnetic field emitted by GSM phones on working memory.   VIEW
    Koivisto M, Krause CM, Revonsuo A, Laine M, Hamalainen H
    Neuroreport 2000 Jun 5;11(8):1641-3, 2000

    [Y] Microwaves emitted by cellular telephones affect human slow brain potentials.   VIEW
    Freude G, Ullsperger P, Eggert S, Ruppe I,
    Eur J Appl Physiol 81(1-2):18-27, 2000

    [N] Impact of CDMA wireless phone power output and puncture rate on hearing aid interference levels   VIEW
    Fry TL, Schlegel RE, Grant H,
    Biomed Instrum Technol 34(1) :29-38, 2000

    [Y] Exposure to pulsed high-frequency electromagnetic field during waking affects human sleep EEG   VIEW
    Huber R, Graf T, Cote KA, Wittmann L, Gallmann E, Matter D, Schuderer J, Kuster N, Borbely AA, Achermann P
    NeuroReport Volume 11, number 15, 3321-3325, 2000

    [Y] Effects of electromagnetic field emitted by cellular phones on the EEG during a memory task.   VIEW
    Krause CM, Sillanmaki L, Koivisto M, Haggqvist A, Saarela C, Revonsuo A, Laine M, Hamalainen H
    Neuroreport 11(4):761-764, 2000

    [N] Occupational exposure to high frequency electromagnetic fields and its effect on human immune parameters   VIEW
    Tuschl H, Neubauer G, Garn H, Duftschmid K, Winker N, Brusl H
    Int J Occup Med Environ Health;12(3):239-251, 1999

    [Y] Effects of electromagnetic field emitted by cellular phones on the EEG during a memory task.   VIEW
    Krause CM, Sillanmaki L, Koivisto M, Haggqvist A, Saarela C, Revonsuo A, Laine M, Hamalainen H
    Medline record in process, 1999

    [N] Ultrawideband radiation and pentylenetetrazol-induced convulsions in rats   VIEW
    Miller SA, Bronson ME, Murphy MR
    Bioelectromagnetics 20(5):327-329, 1999

    [Y] Effect of a 915-MHz simulated mobile phone signal on cognitive function in man.   VIEW
    Preece AW, Iwi G, Davies-Smith A, Wesnes K, Butler S, Lim E, Varey A
    Int J Radiat Biol 75(4):447-456, 1999

    [Y] Pulsed high-frequency electromagnetic field affects human sleep and sleep electroencephalogram.   VIEW
    Borbely AA, Huber R, Graf T, Fuchs B, Gallmann E, Achermann P
    Neurosci Lett 275(3):207-210, 1999

    [N] The effects of radiocellular telephones on the circadian patterns of melatonin secretion, a chronobiological rhythm marker   VIEW
    de Seze R, Ayoub J, Peray P, Miro L, Touitou Y,
    J Pineal Res 27(4):237-242, 1999

    [Y] Micronucleus assay and lymphocyte mitotic activity in risk assessment of occupational exposure to microwave radiation   VIEW
    Garaj-Vrhovac V,
    Chemosphere;39(13):2301-2312, 1999

    [N] Acute effects of using a mobile phone on CNS functions.   VIEW
    Hladky A, Musil J, Roth Z, Urban P, Blazkova V
    Cent Eur J Public Health 7(4):165-167. 1999

    [Y] Effects of mobile GSM radiotelephone exposure on the auditory brainstem response (ABR)   VIEW
    Kellenyi L, Thuroczy G, Faludy B, Lenard L
    eurobiology 7:79-81, 1999

    [Y] The analysis of animal bioelectric brain activity influenced by microwaves or by the introduction of strychnine.   VIEW
    Sidorenko AV,
    Bioelectrochem Bioenerg 48(1):223-226, 1999

    [Y] Resting blood pressure increase during exposure to a radio-frequency electromagnetic field.   VIEW
    Braune S, Wrocklage C, Raczek J, Gailus T, Lucking CH,
    Lancet 351(9119):1857-1858, 1998

    [Y] GSM radiocellular telephones do not disturb the secretion of antepituitary hormones in humans.   VIEW
    de Seze R, Fabbro-Peray P, Miro L,
    Bioelectromagnetics 19(5):271-278, 1998

    [Y] Mobile phones modulate response patterns of human brain activity.   VIEW
    Eulitz C, Ullsperger P, Freude G, Elbert T,
    Neuroreport 9(14):3229-3232, 1998

    [N] No effects of pulsed high-frequency electromagnetic fields on heart rate variability during human sleep.   VIEW
    Mann K, Roschke J, Connemann B, Beta H
    Neuropsychobiology;38(4):251-256, 1998

    [Y] Reproductive function in relation to duty assignments among military personnel.   VIEW
    Schrader SM, Langford RE, Turner TW, Breitenstein MJ, Clark JC, Jenkins BL, Lundy DO, Simon SD, Weyandt TB
    Reprod Toxicol 12(4):465-468, 1998

    [N] Does acute exposure to the electromagnetic field emitted by a mobile phone influence visual evoked potentials? A pilot study.   VIEW
    Urban P, Lukas E, Roth Z
    Cent Eur J Public Health 6(4):288-290, 1998

    [N] Human sleep under the influence of pulsed radiofrequency electromagnetic fields: a polysomnographic study using standardized conditions.   VIEW
    Wagner P, Roschke J, Mann K, Hiller W, Frank C
    Bioelectromagnetics 19(3):199-202, 1998

    [Y] Cellular phone effects on otoacoustic emissions   VIEW
    Grisanti G, Parlapiano C, Tamburello CC, Tine G, Zanforlin L
    IEEE MTT-S Digest 2: 771-774, 1998

    [Y] Effects of microwaves emitted by cellular phones on human slow brain potentials.   VIEW
    Freude G, Ullsperger P, Eggert S, Ruppe I,
    Bioelectromagnetics 19(6):384-387, 1998

    [Y] Preliminary report: symptoms associated with mobile phone use.   VIEW
    Hocking B
    Occup Med (Lond);48(6):357-360, 1998

    [N] Effects of pulsed high-frequency electromagnetic fields on the neuroendocrine system.   VIEW
    Mann K, Wagner P, Brunn G, Hassan F, Hiemke C, Roschke J
    Neuroendocrinology 67(2):139-144, 1998

    [Y] Cellular telephone use and excreton of a urinary melatonin metabolite.   VIEW
    Burch JB, Reif JS, Pitrat CA, Keele TJ, Yost MG,
    Abstract of the Annual Review of Research on Biological Effects of Electric and Magnetic Fields from the Generation, Delivery & Use of Electricity, San Diego, CA, 1997,

    [Y] Exposure to extremely-low-frequency electromagnetic fields and radiofrequency radiation: cardiovascular effects in humans.   VIEW
    Jauchem JR
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 70(1):9-21, 1997

    [N] No short-term effects of digital mobile radio telephone on the awake human electroencephalogram.   VIEW
    Roschke J, Mann K
    Bioelectromagnetics 18(2):172-176, 1997

    [Y] Evaluation of selected functional circulation parameters of workers from various occupational groups exposed to electromagnetic fields of high frequency. III.   VIEW
    Gadzicka E, Bortkiewicz A, Zmyslony M, Palczynski C
    Med Pr 48(1):15-24, 1997

    [Y] Disturbances of glucose tolerance in workers exposed to electromagnetic radiation   VIEW
    Bielski J, Sikorski M,
    Med Pr 47(3):227-231, 1996

    [Y] Evaluation of selected parameters of circulatory system function in various occupational groups exposed to high frequency electromagnetic fields. II. Electrocardiographic changes   VIEW
    Bortkiewicz A, Zmyslony M, Gadzicka E, Szymczak W
    Med Pr 47(3):241-252, 1996

    [Y] Effects of pulsed high-frequency electromagnetic fields on human sleep   VIEW
    Mann K, Roschke J
    Neuropsychobiology 33(1):41-47, 1996

    [N] Influence of modulated high-frequency electromagnetic fields on the functional organization and dynamics of the common brainstem system.   VIEW
    Rittweger J, Lambertz M, Kluge W, Kramer K, Langhorst P
    Bioelectrochem Bioenerg 37(1):31-37, 1995

    [NA] Low-frequency pulsed electromagnetic fields influence EEG of man   VIEW
    Von Klitzing L
    Phys. Medica 11:77-80, 1995

    [Y] The influence of electromagnetic fields on human brain activity.   VIEW
    Reiser H, Dimpfel W, Schober F
    Eur J Med Res 1(1):27-32, 1995

    [Y] Hematological changes in peripheral blood of workers occupationally exposed to microwave radiation.   VIEW
    Goldoni J,
    Health Physics 58:205-207, 1990

    [NA] Microwave auditory effect- a comparison of some possible transduction mechanisms.   VIEW
    Lin JC
    J Microwave Power. 1976 Mar;11(1):77-81. 1976

Note: Some of the above research has produced results which suggest long-term use of cellphones could be harmful, and some has produced no results. Note that finding some effect does not necessarily mean that the effect is adverse to humans, or that it is potentially harmful. The body has good repair mechanisms. Of course it does suggest that more research is probably urgently needed to find out what it does signify.

ABSTRACTS INDEX